|Publication||Theme 1||Theme 2||Theme 3||Theme 4|
|Namer et al. 1986 ||
All lost pregnancy related weight gain, some weighted less.|
All concerned and struggling with their weight.
Post pregnancy weight loss “allowed” and given permission to lose weight therefore it was hard to control weight loss.
|No longer eating 3–4 meals or quantity of food eaten during pregnancy.||All returned to anorexic thinking within several weeks of giving birth.||
Anxiety about breastfeeding.|
Anxiety about not eating enough to breastfeed.
No desire to breastfeed as wanted to be able to lose weight.
|Patel et al. 2005 ||
Loss of pre-pregnancy self|
- Fear of not losing pregnancy weight.
- Distress about changes and lack of return to pre-pregnancy weight.
Feeding relationship with infant|
- Anxiety and discomfort (need to eat to provide milk).
- Using breast-feeding to lose weight.
Relationship with family members|
- Comments about post pregnancy body by partner viewed as derogatory or critical.
|Shaffer et al. 2008 ||
Post-partum panic and fear|
- Concern, fear, worry or panic about their bodies post birth
|Preconception with body image||Worsening of eating disorder symptoms after birth.|
|Stapleton et al. 2008 ||
Benefits for not breastfeeding|
- Choice not to breastfeed to be able to engage in eating disorder behavior.
Perceived positives for breastfeeding|
- Breastfeeding was motivated by the belief it would help with weight loss.
- Increase in caloric expenditure from breast feeding allowed consumption of additional food (used as a compensatory mechanism instead of purging)
- Feeling that breastfeeding assuages some of the guilt eating disorder women felt about potential damage done to the child because of the mothers eating disorder.
- Desire to bottle-feed to ensure child’s nutritional needs are met.
Distress about post pregnancy shape and weight.|
Resumption of eating disorder behaviours post pregnancy.
|Taborelli et al. 2015 ||
Loss of the pre-pregnancy body identity, loss of pregnant identity.|
- Distress at post birth body shape
Urge to lose weight increases and is compelling post-birth.
Less dissonance between eating disorders and pregnancy in subsequent pregnancies.
|Tierney et al. 2011 ||
Fear of failure|
- Unable to breast feed due to poor mild supply
- Return to exercise quickly post birth to help regulate negative emotions
|Willis & Rand 1988 ||Majority returned to their pregnancy binge/vomiting levels||Extreme distress about post partum body shape prompted relapse.|
|Little & Lowkes 2000 ||Increase of eating disorder behaviours postpartum.|