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Table 6 Pearson correlations between change in mindfulness measures and changes in distress and eating behavior

From: The mindful moms training: development of a mindfulness-based intervention to reduce stress and overeating during pregnancy

Changes in Mindfulness Variables n Change in
Perceived Stress (PSS)
Change in
Depression (PHQ-9)
Change in
Emotional Eating (DEBQ)
Change in
External eating
(DEBQ)
Mindful Eating Questionnaire
 Mindful Eating - Awareness (MEQ) 58–79 −0.10 −0.02 −0.18 −0.02
 Mindful Eating - External (MEQ) 56–77 −0.00 −0.08 −0.06 0.04
Acceptance and Action Questionnaire
 Psychological Flexibility (AAQ) 59–80 − 0.26* − 0.40*** − 0.22* − 0.02
Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire
 Mindfulness - Observe (FFMQ) 59–81 − 0.33** − 0.06 − 0.17 0.00
 Mindfulness - Describe (FFMQ) 59–81 − 0.36*** − 0.42*** − 0.13 − 0.12
 Mindfulness - Act With Awareness (FFMQ) 59–80 − 0.18 − 0.46*** −0.25* − 0.32**
 Mindfulness - Nonjudge (FFMQ) 59–80 −0.14 − 0.26* −0.28* − 0.33**
 Mindfulness - NonReact (FFMQ) 58–80 −0.36** − 0.13 −0.16 − 0.05
Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
 Emotion Regulation - Reappraisal (ERQ) 58–78 −0.28* −0.03 − 0.25* −0.19+
 Emotion Regulation - Suppression (ERQ) 59–80 0.22* 0.26* 0.18 0.13
  1. *** = p < .001, ** = p < .01, * = p < .05, + = p < .10
  2. The sample size (n) varies, ranging from 56 to 80, as shown, due to missing data