Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of women who underwent non-operative vaginal deliveries

From: How did episiotomy rates change from 2007 to 2014? Population-based study in France

  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy Episiotomy No episiotomy
Maternal agel (years) 29 +/−  5 30 +/− 5 29 +/−  5 30 +/− 5 29 +/−  5 30 +/−5 29 +/− 5 30 +/−5 29 +/− 5 30 +/− 5 29 +/−  5 30 +/− 5 29 +/−  5 30 +/− 5 29 +/−  5 30 +/− 5
Primiparous women * £ 60.6 31.6 61.3 32 62.7 32.7 63.8 32.8 63.9 32.1 64.1 31.7 64.1 31.5 64,0 31.6
Multiple pregnancies£ 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.8 1,0 0.8 1.1 0.8
Breech vaginal delivery £ 2.1 1.2 2.1 1.3 2.1 1.3 2.2 1.3 2.2 1.4 2.2 1.4 2.3 1.5 2.4 1.5
Perineal tears £ (third and fourth degrees) 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.4
Gestational age
  < 37 WA£     4.1 6.1 4 6.1 3.9 6.2 3.9 6.2 3.9 6.1
 37–41 WA£     95.1 93.3 95.1 93.2 95.2 93,0 95.2 93.1 95.2 93.2
  > 41 WA£     0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7
  1. WA = weeks of amenorrhea, * Missing Data < 1,5%
  2. £ p < 0.01