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Table 6 Factors associated with uptake of three or more doses of IPTp-SP among postpartum women, N = 426

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy with Sulphadoxine-Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) among postpartum women in Zomba District, Malawi: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics N Crude Odds Ratio (95%CI) Unadjusted p-valuea Adjusted Odds Ratio (95%CI) Adjusted p-valueb
Zone
 Urban 233 1   1  
 Rural 193 0.30 (0.19–0.48) < 0.001 0.31 (0.13–0.70) 0.005
Education
 No formal education/junior primary 194 1    
 Senior primary 125 0.58 (0.35–0.98) 0.043   
 Secondary/tertiary 107 0.99(0.60–1.63) 0.961   
Age group
 15–24 201 1   1  
 25–34 176 1.44 (0.93–2.23) 0.100 1.72 (1.06–2.78) 0.028
 35+ 49 0.68 (0.32–1.46) 0.322   
Occupation
 Unemployed 307 1    
 Self-employed 104 1.80 (1.13–2.89) 0.014   
 Employed 15 3.30 (1.15–9.39) 0.025   
Marital status
 Married 382 1   1  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 19 2.23 (0.88–5.63) 0.091 2.58 (0.90–7.39) 0.078
 Never married 25 1.16 (0.49–2.77) 0.733   
Religion
 CCAP/7th day/Baptist 112 1   1  
 Other Christian 134 0.52 (0.30–0.91) 0.021 0.61 (0.35–1.05) 0.075
 Catholic/Anglican 93 0.72 (0.40–1.29) 0.267 0.53 (0.28–0.97) 0.041
 Muslim/other religions 87 0.67 (0.37–1.23) 0.195   
Tribe
 Nyanja 106 1    
 Chewa 107 2.23 (1.19–4.15) 0.011   
 Lomwe 102 1.46 (0.76–2.79) 0.256   
 Other 111 2.37 (1.28–4.38) 0.006   
First pregnancy
 No 304 1    
 Yes 122 1.04 (0.65–1.64) 0.883   
Parity
 One child 121 1    
 Two children 111 1.28 (0.74–2.23) 0.382   
 3+ children 194 0.86 (0.52–1.43) 0.571   
Timing of 1st ANC visit
 2nd trimester 284 1    
 1st trimester 92 1.48 (0.91–2.41) 0.116   
 3rd trimester 50 0.26 (0.09–0.67) 0.005   
ANC visits
 4+ 234 1   1  
 Three or less 192 0.31 (0.19–0.49) < 0.001 0.29 (0.18–0.48) < 0.001
Gravida
 multigravida 194 1    
 Secundigravida 110 1.40 (0.85–2.32) 0.187   
 primigravida 122 1.11 (0.67–1.84) 0.674   
Knowledge of malaria transmission
 knowledgeable 386 1    
 Inadequate Knowledge 40 1.01 (0.50–2.06) 0.978   
Knowledge of dangers of malaria in pregnancy
 Knowledgeable 303 1    
 Inadequate knowledge 123 0.73 (0.45–1.17) 0.186   
Took SP under DOT each time
 Yes 376 1   1  
 No 50 0.13 (0.04–0.43) 0.001 0.18 (0.05–0.63) 0.007
Permission to go to HF
 Small problem 410 1    
 Big problem 16 0.78 (0.25–2.46) 0.669   
Distance to HF
 Small problem 348 1   1  
 Big problem 78 0.37 (0.19–0.71 0.003 0.49 (0.23–1.06) 0.070
Transport to HF
 Small problem 344 1    
 Big problem 82 0.42 (0.23–0.78) 0.006   
Need for spouse escort to HF
 Small problem 276 1   1  
 Big problem 150 2.40 (1.56–3.68) < 0.001 2.03 (1.26–3.26) 0.004
Worried no health provider at HF
 Small problem 280 1    
 Big problem 146 0.49 (0.30–0.78) 0.003   
Worried no drugs at HF
 Small problem 263 1   1  
 Big problem 163 0.54 (0.34–0.84) 0.006 1.84 (0.82–4.12) 0.140
  1. aBivariate logistic regression
  2. bMultiple logistic regression