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Table 3 Adjusted odd ratios for multivariable logistic regression of factors independently associated with among women aged 15–49 yearsa

From: Factors associated with caesarean deliveries among child-bearing women in Pakistan: secondary analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Survey, 2012–13

Variables AOR 95% CI p-value3
Mother’s age at birth (years)
 Less than 18 1   
 18–20 1.134 0.866–1.485 0.360
 21–24 1.479 1.161–1.884 0.002
 More than 24 1.883 1.452–2.438 < 0.001
Children birth order
 More than 6 1   
 1 1.208 0.909–1.606 0.193
 2–3 1.282 0.959–1.713 0.093
 4–5 0.901 0.656–1.239 0.523
Mother’s education
 No education 1   
 Primary 1.047 0.808–1.358 0.727
 Middle 1.018 0.749–1.385 0.908
 Secondary 1.164 0.889–1.524 0.270
 Higher 1.268 0.966–1.666 0.088
Mother’s occupation
 Not working 1   
 Unskilled 1.003 0.753–1.337 0.983
 Skilled 0.786 0.506–1.222 0.285
 Professional/Technical/Managerial 1.018 0.686–1.511 0.930
Wealth index
 Poorest 1   
 Poorer 0.974 0.652–1.455 0.896
 Middle 1.026 0.692–1.520 0.898
 Richer 1.330 0.894–1.979 0.159
 Richest 1.588 1.036–2.435 0.034
Type of residence
 Rural 1   
 Urban 1.043 0.789–1.166 0.675
Region
 Islamabad Capital Territory 1   
 Punjab 1.911 1.457–2.506 < 0.001
 Sindh 1.428 1.072–1.903 0.009
 KPK 0.647 0.468–0.896 < 0.001
 Baluchistan 0.376 0.228–0.622 < 0.001
 Gilgit Baltistan 0.432 0.278–0.670 < 0.001
Pregnancy complication
 No 1   
 Yes 1.307 1.107–1.545 0.002
Antenatal care utilization
 None 1   
 1–3 1.522 0.985–2.354 0.059
 More than 4 2.811 1.823–4.333 < 0.001
Place of delivery
 Public 1   
 Private 1.052 0.883–1.254 0.570
  1. Abbreviations: 1 reference category, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. 3By using Χ2 test
  3. aMultivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to obtain AOR after entering all the independent variables simultaneously that were significant at level 0.05 in binary analysis