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Table 3 Themes of midwives’ perceptions of factors influencing their choices of using either a Pinard fetoscope or a Freeplay Doppler for FHR monitoring

From: Midwives’ perceptions on using a fetoscope and Doppler for fetal heart rate assessments during labor: a qualitative study in rural Tanzania

1 Sufficient training and experience in using the device
2 Ability of the device to produce reliable measurements
3 Convenience of use and comfort of the device