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Table 5 Logistic Regression model predicting the likelihood of using a PHC facility for delivery care

From: Predictors of women’s utilization of primary health care for skilled pregnancy care in rural Nigeria

Variable Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
  All respondents Esan South East Etsako East
Age 0.96(0.94–0.99)* 0.97(0.93–1.01) 0.97(0.93–1.01)
Education    
 Higher (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Secondary 2.37(1.19–4.71)* 1.69(0.67–4.26) 2.74(0.90–8.32)
 Primary 3.10(1.16–8.28)* 2.17(0.53–8.88) 3.32(0.75–14.6)
 No Education 2.36(0.70–7.93) 1.69(0.30–9.54) 2.35(0.38–14.2)
Exposure to media    
 High (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Moderate 1.14(0.87–1.50) 1.14(0.79–1.65) 1.11(0.73–1.71)
 None 1.35(0.96–1.91) 1.43(0.82–2.50) 1.30(0.82–2.08)
Religion    
 Catholic (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Other Christian 1.20(0.91–1.58) 1.37(0.90–2.08) 1.02(0.70–1.48)
 Islam 1.56(1.00–2.42)* 0.56(0.20–1.55) 1.87(1.13–3.10)*
Partner’s age 0.99(0.97–1.01) 0.97(0.94–1.00) 1.00(0.97–1.02)
Partner’s Education    
 No Education (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Primary 0.76(0.33–1.76) 0.70(−.26–1.88) 1.07(0.20–5.80)
 Secondary 0.99(0.34–2.83) 0.71(0.18–2.73) 1.45(0.20–10.5)
 Higher 1.05(0.28–3.95) 0.49(0.08–3.04) 2.11(0.21–20.8)
Partner’s Employment    
 Not working (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Working 1.62(0.95–2.77) 1.25(0.63–2.45) 2.78(1.04–7.44)*
Autonomy    
 Less (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 More 0.75(0.57–0.99)* 0.78(0.52–1.15) 0.76(0.51–1.15)
 Much 1.11(0.83–1.47) 0.83(0.56–1.23) 1.51(0.98–2.33)
Number of children    
 0–2 (Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 3–4 1.23(0.90–1.67) 1.18(0.76–1.83) 1.20(0.76–1.89)
 5+ 1.61(1.11–2.33)* 2.00(1.19–3.35)** 1.19(0.68–2.07)
Spousal Education Difference    
 Both have none(Ref) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Husband more 1.12(0.35–3.59) 0.96(0.19–4.75) 1.08(0.13–8.65)
 Wife more 1.84(0.68–5.00) 0.94(0.23–3.84) 2.23(0.41–11.9)
 Same but not none 1.59(0.55–4.62) 1.06(0.25–4.51) 1.75(0.25–11.8)
LGA    
 Esan South East (Ref)    
 Etsako East 0.55(0.42–0.71)***   
  1. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001