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Table 4 Association between Place of Antenatal Care and Selected Respondents’ Characteristics

From: Predictors of women’s utilization of primary health care for skilled pregnancy care in rural Nigeria

Characteristic PHC facility Other Pearson Chi2/p-value
LGA    
 Esan South East 39(26.9) 12(40.0) (1) = 2.0668
 Etsako East 106(73.1) 18(60.0) p = 0.151
Age    
 16–30 108(74.5) 24(80.0) (1) = 0.4083
 31–47 37(25.5) 6(20.0) p = 0.523
Level of education    
 No education/primary 89(61.4) 11(36.7) (1) = 6.1988
 Secondary/higher 56(38.6) 19(63.3) p = 0.013
Exposure to media    
 High exposure 37(25.5) 10(33.3)  
 Moderate exposure 65(44.8) 15(50.0) (2) = 2.2397
 No exposure 43(29.7) 5(16.7) p = 0.326
Religion    
 Catholic 32(22.2) 12(40.0)  
 Other Christian 74(51.4) 13(43.3) (2) = 4.3749
 Islam 38(26.4) 5(16.7) p = 0.112
Employment    
 Not working 55(37.9) 7(23.3) (1) = 2.3154
 Working 90(62.1) 23(76.7) p = 0.128
Marital status    
 Married 86(59.7) 26(86.7) (1) = 7.8589
 Living together 58(40.3) 4(13.3) p = 0.005
Age at marriage    
 14–17 24(16.5) 2(6.7)  
 18–24 100(69.0) 23(76.7)  
 25–29 17(11.7) 4(13.3) (3) = 1.9270
 30–39 4(2.8) 1(3.3) p = 0.588
Partner’s age    
 18–29 41(28.3) 6(20.0)  
 30–34 29(20.0) 6(20.0)  
 35–39 28(19.3) 7(23.3)  
 40–44 25(17.2) 8(26.7) (4) = 2.4716
 45–82 22(15.2) 3(10.0) p = 0.650
Partner’s level of education    
 None/primary 36(24.8) 5(16.7) (1) = 0.9228
 Secondary/higher 109(75.2) 25(83.3) p = 0.337
Payment for respondents health care    
 Husband alone/others 120(82.8) 29(96.7) (1) = 3.8010
 Respondent alone/with husband 25(17.2) 1(3.3) p = 0.051
Autonomy    
 Less 72(49.7) 12(40.0)  
 More 34(23.4) 10(33.3) (2) = 1.4493
 Much 39(26.9) 8(26.7) p = 0.484
Number of living children    
 0–2 56(53.9)   
 3–4 28(26.9) 15(65.2)  
 5+ 20(19.2) 4(17.4) (2) = 1.1485
   4(17.4) p = 0.563
Spousal education difference    
 Same but not none 60(41.4) 15(50.0)  
 Wife more 6(4.1) 2(6.7)  
 Husband more 61(42.1) 11(36.6) (3) = 1.6735
 Both none/either none 18(12.4) 2(6.7) p = 0.643