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Table 1 Cost estimates, €a

From: Vaginal birth after caesarean versus elective repeat caesarean delivery after one previous caesarean section: a cost-effectiveness analysis in four European countries

  Belgium Germany Ireland Italy
Antenatal care
 Intention: vaginal birth after caesarean 535 791 1656 1017
 Intention: elective repeat caesarean delivery 563 826 1844 1095
Mode of birth
Unassisted vaginal birth
 Without complications 2948 1745 2337 1315
 With complications 3363 2394 4065 1674
Instrumental vaginal birth
 Without complications 3363 2049 3063 2956
 With complications 4790 2394 4065 2956
Elective repeat caesarean delivery
 Without complications 4083 2659 4805 2163
 With complications 5105 3180 6242 2876
Emergency caesarean section
 Without complications 5105 3661 4805 2163
 With complications 8261 3903 6242 2876
Uterine Rupture
 Without complications 5105 3903 4805 2876
 With complications 8261 3903 6242 2876
Neonatal HIE/CP (six-week time horizon) 12,347 7587 10,275 4052
Neonatal HIE (first 2 years) 16,926 16,423 17,093 15,250
Neonatal CP (lifetime) 846,309 821,171 854,688 762,516
Neonatal Sepsis 7266 19,413 15,408 4052
Neonatal respiratory conditions
 Transient tachypnoea 3007 788 1485 579
 Respiratory distress syndrome 11,392 19,413 15,408 13,478
Neonatal mortality 4712 7198 7036 5579
Postnatal care
 Without complications 182 622 135 308
 With complications 329 782 885 643
Productivity loss (per year) 48,511 46,373 46,607 35,272
  1. HIE hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, CP cerebral palsy
  2. aCurrency in 2016 euros (€) [49]
  3. Total costs, travel costs included. More detailed costs and their sources are described in Additional file 1: Table S1 and S2