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Table 4 Quarterly Trends in Maternal Mortality Ratio

From: The effect of Kenya’s free maternal health care policy on the utilization of health facility delivery services and maternal and neonatal mortality in public health facilities

Facility Slope 24 months pre-policy Slope 12 months pre- policy Slope 6 months pre-policy Slope 3 months pre-policy Slope 3 months post-policy Slope 6 months post-policy Slope 12 months post-policy Slope 24 months post-policy
All 77 health facilities −1.64 (p = 0.20) −1.64 (p = 0.20) −5.12 (p < 0.05) − 1.64 (p = 0.20) 3.486 (p < 0.05) 3.49 (p < 0.05) 3.48 (p < 0.05) 3.47 (p < 0.05)
Urban-based facilities − 1.92 (p = 0.51) − 1.92 (p = 0.51) −7.00 (p = 0.09) − 1.92 (p = 0.51) 5.09 (p = 0.08) 5.09 (p = 0.08) 5.09 (p = 0.08) 5.09 (p = 0.08)
Rural-based facilities − 1.38 (p = 0.40) − 1.38 (p = 0.40) − 2.37 (p = 0.31) − 1.38 (p = 0.40) 0.99
(p = 0.54)
0.99 (p = 0.54) 0.99 (p = 0.54) 0.99 (p = 0.54)
Maternity hospital − 0.08 (p = 0.94) − 0.08 (p = 0.94) − 2.25 (p = 0.17) − 0.08 (p = 0.94) 2.17 (p = 0.06) 2.17 (p = 0.06) 2.17 (p = 0.06) 2.17 (p = 0.06)
Level 4 facilities −2.61 (p = 0.20) − 2.61 (p = 0.20) −6.85 (p < 0.05) − 2.61 (p = 0.20) 4.24 (p < 0.05) 4.24 (p < 0.05) 4.24 (p < 0.05) 4.24 (p < 0.05)
Level 5 facilities −4.51 (p = 0.06) − 4.51 (p = 0.06) − 6.70 (p = 0.05) − 4.51 (p = 0.06) 2.19 (p = 0.36) 2.19 (p = 0.36) 2.19 (p = 0.36) 2.19 (p = 0.36)
Level 6 facility 8.50 (p = 0.42) 8.50 (p = 0.42) 11.05 (p = 0.46) 8.50 (p = 0.42) − 2.55 (p = 0.81) − 2.55 (p = 0.81) − 2.55 (p = 0.81) − 2.55 (p = 0.81)