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Table 4 Abnormal glucose tolerance development of women by 4 to 5 years after delivery (n = 653)

From: Impact of adopting the 2013 World Health Organization criteria for diagnosis of gestational diabetes in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort: a prospective study

Diabetes status Group 1: Non-GDM based on both 1999 and 2013 WHO criteria (n = 498) Group 2: Reclassified from GDM to non-GDM using 2013 WHO criteria (n = 61) Group 3: Reclassified from non-GDM to GDM using 2013 WHO criteria (n = 21) Group 4: GDM based on both 1999 and 2013 WHO criteria (n = 73) P value
Normal, n (%) 439 (67.2) 35 (5.4) 15 (2.3) 40 (6.1) < 0.001
Abnormala n (%) 59 (9.0) 26 (4.0) 6 (0.9) 33 (5.1)  
  1. GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, WHO World Health Organization
  2. aAbnormal status included diabetes mellitus (FG ≥7.0 mmol/l or PG ≥11.1 mmol/l), impaired fasting glucose (FG 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/l and PG < 7.8 mmol/l) and impaired glucose tolerance (FG < 7.0 mmol/l and PG ≥7.8 and < 11.1 mmol/l). Abnormal, n = 124 (19.0%)