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Table 3 Associations between reclassification of gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosis and pregnancy outcomes

From: Impact of adopting the 2013 World Health Organization criteria for diagnosis of gestational diabetes in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort: a prospective study

Pregnancy outcomes Group 1 Group 2   Group 3   Group 4  
   RR (95% CI) P RR (95% CI) P RR (95% CI) P
Hypertension/ preeclampsiaa reference 0.80 (0.35, 1.84) 0.596 1.19 (0.46, 3.09) 0.724 1.54 (0.88, 2.70) 0.126
Prematuritya reference 2.17 (1.12, 4.24) 0.023 0.70 (0.10, 4.87) 0.716 2.06 (1.10, 3.84) 0.023
Large for gestational ageb reference 1.23 (0.75, 2.03) 0.411 1.14 (0.62, 2.12) 0.667 1.60 (1.07, 2.39) 0.021
Hypoglycaemiac reference 3.42 (1.04, 11.29) 0.044 2.40 (0.31, 18.63) 0.402 11.23 (4.98, 25.32) < 0.001
Neonatal jaundice requiring phototherapyc reference 1.71 (1.04, 2.82) 0.034 2.78 (1.32, 5.86) 0.007 1.61 (0.98, 2.66) 0.060
  1. RR = relative risk; CI = confidence interval
  2. a Model 1: adjusted for maternal age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, gestational weight gain, parity and family history of diabetes, type of conception
  3. b Model 2: adjusted for same variables as in model 1 + neonatal sex
  4. c Model 3: adjusted for same variables as in model 1 + small-for-gestational-age birth