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Table 1 Maternal, fetal and obstetric characteristics before and after the intervention (mean (SD), median (Quartiles) or frequency (%) unless otherwise stated)

From: De-medicalization of birth by reducing the use of oxytocin for augmentation among first-time mothers – a prospective intervention study

Study sample - all women in the study Before the intervention n = 431 % After the intervention n = 664 % p-value
Maternal age 31.2 (4.6)   30.9 (4.5)   0.26
Co-habiting or married 412 95.6 627 94.4 0.39
BMI 22.55 (3.5)   22.66 (3.6)   0.63
Gestational age 281.8 (7.6)   281.2 (7.7)   0.22
Birth weight 3443 (460)   3444 (409)   0.95
5 min Apgar score > = 7 428 99.3 661 99.5 0.55
Duration of labor in minutes - median (Quartiles) 385 (233-550)   385 (230-609)   0.55
Duration of oxytocin in minutes - median (Quartiles) 90 (0-270)   25 (0-195)   < 0.001 (diff:65 min)
Oxytocin for augmentation 273 63.3 359 54.1 < 0.001
Characteristics of oxytocin use -all women receiving oxytocin    n = 359   
Oxytocin without dystocia 23 8.4 67 18.7 < 0.001
Oxytocin started at > = 6 cm dilatation 140 51.3 220 61.3 0.01
Oxytocin started in first stage of labor 210 76.9 232 64.6 < 0.001