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Table 4 Neonatal events probabilities by mother’s euglycemic status

From: The short-term economic burden of gestational diabetes mellitus in Italy

  Macrosomia Hypoglycemia Hyperbilirubinemia Shoulder dystocia Respiratory distress Brachial plexus injury Normal newborn
Euglycemia Yes (7.4%) 2.4% 7.6% 6.0% 1.7% 0.7% 81.6%
No 1.2% 9.1% 0.9% 1.2% 0.1% 87.5%
GDM Yes (8.7%) 5.3% 13.2% 10.5% 4.0% 2.6% 64.4%
No 2.6% 10.4% 1.6% 1.5% 0.2% 83.7%
Source [18] [14] [14] [14] [14] [14] Own calculation