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Table 2 Antenatal outpatient costs by mother’s euglycemic status

From: The short-term economic burden of gestational diabetes mellitus in Italy

Category Resource Consumption Code Unit cost (€) Total costs per case (€) Source
   GDM (Diet) GDM (Insulin) Euglycemia    GDM (Diet) GDM (Insulin) Euglycemia  
Screening OGTT 75 g 2 2 1 90.26.4 2.38 4.76 4.76 2.38 [6]
Self-monitoring blood glucose kit Glucometer Yes Yes No Free of charge 0.0 0.0 0.0 Expert opinion
Test strip 2/day 4/day No 0.55 99.0 198.0 0.0 [10, 17, 23]
Finger stick 2/day 4/day No 0.10 18.0 36.0 0.0 [24]
Insulin therapy Insulin (shot) No 1–2 shots/day No 6.34 0.0 570.6 0.0 [17, 25]
Needle No No 0.14 0.0 12.6 0.0 [24]
Syringe No No 0.11 0.0 9.9 0.0 [24]
Visits and exams Obstetric visit Every 3–4 weeks Every 1–2 weeks Every 5–6 weeks 89.26 20.66 62.0 124.0 41.3 Expert opinion; [26]
Obstetric ultrasound 2 (at 32th week and 36th week) No 88.78.2 30.99 62.0 62.0 0.0 Expert opinion; [17]
Visual field test 1 No 95.05 16.78 16.8 16.8 0.0 [17]
Total costs   262.5 1034.6 43.7