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Table 1 Mother’s characteristics by euglycemic status

From: The short-term economic burden of gestational diabetes mellitus in Italy

  GDM (N = 11,540) Euglycemia (N = 434,272) Source
Age (mean ± SD) 33.7 ± 5.4 31.6 ± 5.6 [13]
Advanced age (≥35) 5369 46.5% 140,238 32.3% [13]
Overweight/Obesity 276 2.4% 1190 0.3% [13]
Foreign citizenship 3920 34.0% 82,433 19.0% [13]
University degreea 1370 13.3% 61,349 15.1% [13]
  1. aEducation level was reported in 416,079 of records (93.3%)