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Table 1 Incidence of laparotomy after childbirth, related to mode of birth

From: Laparotomy in women with severe acute maternal morbidity: secondary analysis of a nationwide cohort study

   Births (n) Laparotomy (n) Incidence* RR (95% CI)
Total   355,841 215 6.0  
CS   53,152 160 30.1 16.7 (12.2-22.6)
Planned 24,580 47 19.1 10.5 (7.1-15.6)
Emergency 28,572 113 39.5 21.8 (15.8-30.2)
VD   302,689 55 1.8 Reference
  1. RR relative risk, CI confidence interval, CS cesarean section, VD vaginal birth
  2. *per 10,000 births