Skip to main content

Table 1 Factors associated with potential utilization of a Maternity Waiting Home (N = 428)

From: Factors associated with intended use of a maternity waiting home in Southern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables & categories Overall (N = 428) Potential MWH Users (n = 236) Potential Non-MWH Users (n = 190) Odds Ratio 95% CI Adjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI
Age (in years)
 ≥ 30 157 (36.7) 77 (32.9) 80 (42.1) 1 1
 25–29 182 (42.5) 100 (42.4) 81 (42.6) 1.28 (0.84–1.97) 0.74 (0.25–2.20)
 ≤ 24 89 (20.8) 59 (25.0 29 (15.3) 2.11 (1.23–3.64)* 1.92 (0.43–8.62)
Educational level
 No schooling 181 (42.3) 72 (30.5) 107 (56.3) 1 1
 Primary school 153 (35.7) 88 (37.3) 65 (34.2) 2.01 (1.30–3.12)* 0.64 (0.21–1.92)
 Secondary school and higher 94 (22.0) 76 (32.2) 18 (9.5) 6.28 (3.46–11.37)* 0.36 (0.07–1.95)
Husband’s educational level
 No schooling 125 (29.2) 43 (18.2) 80 (42.3) 1 1
 Primary school 150 (35.1) 80 (33.9) 70 (36.8) 2.13 (1.30–3.47)* 1.44 (0.46–4.52)
 Secondary school and higher 152 (35.5) 113 (47.9) 39 (20.5) 5.39 (3.21–9.06)* 2.40 (0.60–9.54)
Decision-making power
 No 183 (42.8) 82 (35.7) 100 (52.9) 1 1
 Yes 240 (56.1) 148 (64.3) 89 (47.0) 2.06 (1.39–3.04)* 1.66 (0.65–4.27)
Health education danger signs
 No 215 (50.2) 94 (39.8) 120 (63.2) 1 1
 Yes 213 (49.8) 142 (60.2) 70 (36.8) 2.59 (1.75–3.84)* 1.41 (0.56–3.60)
Parity
 0 births 28 (6.5) 9 (4.7) 19 (8.1) 1 1
 1–4 births 316 (73.8) 137 (72.1) 177 (75.0) 0.61 (0.27–1.40) 0.76 (0.10–5.85)
 ≥ 5 births 84 (19.6) 44 (23.2) 40 (16.9) 0.43 (0.18–1.06) 1.24 (0.11–13.87)
History of health facility delivery
 No 163 (38.1) 68 (28.9) 94 (49.7) 1 1
 Yes 141 (32.9) 84 (35.7) 57 (30.2) 2.04 (1.29–3.22)* 0.84 (0.21–3.33)
 Two or more 122 (28.5) 83 (35.3) 38 (20.1) 3.02 (1.84–4.95)* 1.82 (0.47–7.06)
History of complications
 No 344 (80.4) 187 (80.6) 155 (82.4) 1 1
 Yes 78 (18.2) 45 (19.4) 33 (17.6) 1.13 (0.69–1.86) 3.98 (1.13–13.99)*
Relative household wealth
 (Very) poor 270 (63.1) 122 (51.7) 146 (76.8) 1 1
 (Very) wealthy 158 (36.9) 114 (48.3) 44 (23.2) 3.10 (2.03–4.73)* 0.77 (0.27–2.23)
Travel time to nearest hospital (in minutes)
 > 60 147 (34.3) 67 (28.4) 79 (41.6) 1 1
 30–60 207 (48.4) 120 (50.8) 86 (45.3) 1.65 (1.07–2.52)* 0.97 (0.24–3.89)
 < 30 74 (17.3) 49 (20.8) 25 (13.2) 2.31 (1.29–4.13)* 1.49 (0.24–9.14)
Region
 Rural 217 (50.7) 97 (41.1) 118 (62.1) 1 1
 Urban 211 (49.3) 139 (58.9) 72 (37.9) 2.35 (1.59–3.47)* 0.99 (0.23–4.28)
Envisioned barriers MWH utilization (mean ± SD; n = 422, range 0–9) 3.59 ± 3.319 1.08 ± 1.604 6.67 ± 2.021 0.32 (0.25–0.39)* 0.30 (0.23–0.38)*
  1. *p < 0.05