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Table 2 Maternal deaths and neonatal deaths possibly averted in Parañaque City and Tagum City

From: Handheld ultrasound to avert maternal and neonatal deaths in 2 regions of the Philippines: an iBuntis® intervention study

Health Outcome Total (N = 460) Urban Parañaque (N = 250) Rural Tagum (N = 210) p-value
Ultrasound findings (%)
 Normal scans 68.3 62.4 75.2 < 0.01
 Abnormal scans 31.7 37.6 24.8  
Maternal deaths possibly averteda (%)
 Normal 93.7 91.2 96.6 0.02
 Abnormal placentation
  Low lying 2.4 2.4 2.4  
  Placenta previa 1.3 2.0 0.5  
 Fetal malpresentation
  Transverse 2.6 4.4 0.5  
Neonatal deaths possibly avertedb (%)
 Normal 74.6 71.2 78.6 0.02
 Fetal malpresentation
  Breech 24.1 26.8 20.9  
  Oligohydramnios 0.2 0.0 0.5  
  Polyhydramnios 0.4 0.8 0.0  
  Twinsc 1.3 2.4 0.0  
  1. amaternal deaths averted = maternal deaths due to bleeding from abnormal placental localization and transverse lie; bneonatal deaths averted = neonatal deaths due to fetal malpresentation; cneonatal deaths averted for twins = actual number of twins × 2