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Table 1 Characteristics of echocardiography and electrocardiogram in pregnant woman with MVSA

From: A single-center experience with 12 consecutive cases of pregnancy among patients with membranous ventricular septal aneurysm

No. Type of heart disease LA/LV diameter (mm) NYHA-FC Range of protrusion
(mm)
Size of the defect
(mm)
PH* Valve condition Mural thrombus LVSD* Arrhythmia
1 VSA Normal II 13 × 13 No break None TR* None EF = 59%, FS = 31%
2 VSA
VSD*
Normal III 15 × 11 5 None Normal None EF = 57%, FS = 30%
3 VSA
VSD
Normal III 16 × 15 11 Moderate TR None EF = 71%, FS = 41% Sinus tachycardia
4 VSA
VSD
LA = 38, LV = 52 III 9 × 8 5 Mild MR* None EF = 59%, FS = 33%
5 VSA
VSD
PDA*
Normal III 17 × 12 5 Mild MR + TR None EF = 60%, FS = 32% Sinus tachycardia
6 VSA
VSD
LA = 35, LV = 58 III 14 × 11 11 Moderate Normal None EF = 58%, FS = 31% Sinus rhythm with extreme right axis deviation (+85°)
7 VSA
VSD
LA = 33, LV = 50 III 14 × 14 7 Moderate TR None EF = 64%, FS = 34%
8 VSA LA = 46, LV = 57 III-IV 28 × 14 No break Mild MR + TR None EF = 30%, FS = 14% I°AVB, VPB
9 VSA
VSD
LA = 38, LV = 57 IV 20 × 15 8 Severe TR None EF = 59%, FS = 32% IRBBB
10 VSA Normal II 12 × 12 4 None Normal None EF = 71%, FS = 40% Sinus tachycardia
11 VSA Normal III 16 × 10 No break None MR + TR None EF = 63%, FS = 34% Sinus arrhythmia, APB
12 VSA Normal I–II 8 × 8 No break None Normal None EF = 69%, FS = 39%
  1. VSD ventricular septal defect, PDA patent ductus arteriosus, PFO patent foramen ovale, NYHA-FC cardiac function grading (New York Heart Association), PH pulmonary hypertension, LVSD left ventricular systolic function, LA/LV Left atrial/ventricular, MR mitral regurgitation, TR tricuspid regurgitation, AVB atrioventricular block, IRBBB incomplete right bundle branch block, VPB ventricular premature beat, APB atrial premature beat