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Table 3 Results related to the disposition of the body/ remains, cross-tabulated by gestational age

From: Care quality following intrauterine death in Spanish hospitals: results from an online survey

   Gestational age (weeks)  
Total (n = 796) 16–19 (n = 128) 20–25 (n = 193) 26–33 (n = 151) ≥ 34 (n = 324)    
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) χ2, p* Cramér’s V
Communication of procedures and options for the disposition of the body***
 “No one” explained options for disposition 273 (34.3) 96 (75.0) 111 (57.5) 20 (13.2) 46 (14.2) 228.05, p < 0.001 .535
 A doctor 240 (30.2) 18 (14.1) 46 (23.8) 59 (39.1) 117 (36.1) 30.56, p < 0.001 .196
 A midwife/ nurse 156 (19.6) 11 (8.6) 24 (12.4) 42 (27.8) 79 (24.4) 27.29, p < 0.001 .185
 Representative of a funeral home 124 (15.6) 1 (0.8) 6 (3.1) 28 (18.5) 89 (27.5) **   
 Administrator/ social worker/ porter/ other HP 51 (6.4) 2 (1.6) 8 (4.1) 17 (11.3) 24 (7.4) **   
 Don’t know as a family member took charge 9 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.0) 6 (1.9) **   
 Other 3 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.3) **   
 Not stated 16 (2.0) 2 (1.6) 3 (1.6) 3 (2.0) 8 (2.5) **   
Disposition method
 Donated to research 92 (11.6) 6 (4.7) 27 (14.0) 27 (17.9) 32 (9.9) 13.83, p = 0.003 .132
 Private (burial or cremation) 310 (39.5) 5 (4.0) 19 (10.0) 67 (44.4) 219 (67.6) 248.52, p < 0.001 .559
 Hospital managed disposition (incineration) 371 (46.6) 113 (88.3) 144 (74.6) 50 (33.1) 64 (19.8) 255.09, p < 0.001 .566
 Burial common plot 12 (1.5) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 6 (4.0) 5 (1.5) **   
 Other (e.g. haemorrhage at home) 11 (1.4) 3 (2.3) 3 (1.6) 1 (0.7) 4 (1.2) **   
Reason for hospital managed disposition/ incineration[1]*** (n = 371) (n = 113) (n = 144) (n = 50) (n = 64)    
aOnly option/ told it was protocol early losses 205 (55.3) 94 (83.2) 90 (62.5) 15 (30.0) 6 (9.4) 106.10, p < 0.001 .535
bLack of information/ no information 42 (11.3) 9 (8.0) 18 (12.5) 6 (12.0) 9 (14.1) 1.97, p = 0.579
cTold: body not returned in cases of autopsy 44 (11.9) 5 (4.4) 15 (10.4) 12 (24.0) 12 (18.8) 16.21, p = 0.001 .209
 Seemed like/ was the best option 38 (10.2) 0 (0.0) 6 (4.2) 11 (22.0) 21 (32.8) **   
 Pressured decision/ in a state of shock 24 (6.5) 1 (0.9) 4 (2.8) 6 (12.0) 13 (20.3) **   
 Other[2] 23 (6.2) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.1) 6 (12.0) 14 (21.9) **   
 Not stated 35 (9.4) 5 (4.4) 14 (9.7) 5 (10.0) 11 (17.2) 7.85, p = 0.049 .146
a + b + cDecision not taken by the parents 285 (76.8) 107 (94.7) 121 (84.0) 31 (62.0) 26 (40.6) 77.7, p < 0.001 .458
 As a % of all cases (n = 792) 285 (35.8) 107 (83.6) 121 (62.7) 31 (20.5) 26 (8.0) 312.01, p < 0.001 .626
  1. *Pearson’s Chi-squared, significance level set at p <0.05
  2. **Chi-squared not calculated due to minimum requirement of 5 cases per cell
  3. ***Multiple responses permitted except when response was ‘null’
  4. [1]Coded from an open-ended question
  5. [2]Includes responses such as: ‘not involved in the decision’, ‘expected ashes to be returned’