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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio for unmet need for family planning

From: Determinants of unmet need for family planning in rural Burkina Faso: a multilevel logistic regression analysis

Variables Unadjusted estimates Adjusted estimates
  OR CI OR CI
Woman’s age (continuous) 1.00   1.00  
  1.01 0.98–1.03 0.97 0.94–1.00
Number of Children:
 Less than 4 children 1.00   1.00 1.11–2.91
 4+ children 1.72 1.19–2.48 1.80  
Number of living sons:
 No living son 1.00   1.00  
 At least one living son 1.30 0.97–1.75 1.20 0.80–1.80
Experienced death of a child:
 Did not experience the death of a child 1.00   1.00  
 Experienced the death of a child 0.86 0.60–1.24 0.88 0.59–1.31
Children less than 1 year:
 Has no children younger than 1 year 1.00   1.00  
 Has a child younger than 1 year 1.56 1.06–2.32 1.75 1.04–2.97
Marriage type:
 Monogamy and others 1.00   1.00  
 Polygamy 1.04 0.77–1.40 0.88 0.64–1.21
Woman’s religion:
 Muslim 1.00   1.00  
 Christianity & others 1.18 0.89–1.57 1.29 1.00–1.76
Wealth index:
 Poorest 1.0   1.00  
 Second quintile 1.34 0.84–2.15 1.36 0.83–2.22
 Middle quintile 1.48 0.92–2.36 1.54 0.94–2.52
 Fourth quintile 0.80 0.48–1.34 0.88 0.51–1.52
 Least poor 1.56 0.98–2.49 1.72 1.04–2.85
Residence
 Urban 1.00   1.00  
 Rural 1.03 0.60–1.75 1.01 0.56–1.81
Woman’s approval of contraceptive use
 Approve 1.00   1.00  
 Disapprove 1.94 1.42–2.65 1.48 1.00–2.21
Partner’s approval of contraceptive use
 Approve 1.00   1.00  
 Disapprove 1.51 1.10–2.07 1.51 1.03–2.10
Couple’s discussion on contraceptive use
 Never 1.00   1.00  
 At least once 1.33 1.00–1.77 1.48 1.09–2.02
Desired number of chn (woman vs man)
 Same 1.00   1.00  
 Others 2.22 1.65–2.99 1.90 1.36–2.67
Distance to Health Facility
 Less than 5 km 1.00   1.00  
 5 + km 0.75 0.56–0.99 0.72 0.53–0.98
Barrier contraceptives
 Not available 1.00   1.00  
 Available 1.19 0.75–1.87 0.66 0.25–1.73
Hormonal contraceptives
 Not available 1.00   1.00  
 Available 1.24 0.77–2.00 2.55 0.93–6.93
UD contraceptives
 Not available 1.00   1.00  
 Available 0.82 0.60–1.12 0.75 0.53–1.06
Health worker training on FP
 Not trained 1.00   1.00  
 Trained 1.04 0.77–1.39 1.28 0.92–1.79
Health worker training on FP logistics
 Not trained 1.00   1.00  
 Trained 0.46 0.27–0.77 0.43 0.24–0.73
Random effects
rho 8.88e-08 6.17e-20 - 1
Variance −15.04 −89.09 – 58.99
Standard deviation 0.00 4.51e-40 – 6.48e + 12
Model diagnostics     
Log-likelihood −571.79
Wald chi2(22); p > chi2 89.16; 0.00
Likelihood-ratio test of the rho    8.88e-08; p > 1.00
(Chibar2(01); p > =chibar2
Observations 1309 1309
Clusters (Districts) 24 24