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Table 1 Maternal socio-demographic characteristics

From: Correlates of poor mental health in early pregnancy in obese European women

Characteristic Total
(N = 735)
Low wellbeinga
(n = 200)
High wellbeinga
(n = 535)
Age, years (M ± SD) 32.0 ± 5.4 31.3 ± 5.9 32.3 ± 5.2
BMI, kg/m 2 (median (IQR)) 33.4 (31.4–36.6) 33.4 (31.7–36.9) 33.4 (31.3–36.6)
Pre-pregnancy BMI, kg/m 2 (median (IQR)) 32.7 (30.5–35.8) 33.0 (30.9–35.7) 32.5 (30.2–35.8)
Ethnicity, European descent (n (%)) 638 (86.8) 160 (80.0) 478 (89.3)
Education (n (%), total = 734)    
 Low (no qualification/intermediate) 89 (12.1) 28 (14.0) 61 (11.4)
 Medium (higher school/apprenticeship) 233 (31.7) 75 (37.5) 158 (29.5)
 High (diploma/university) 412 (56.1) 96 (48.0) 316 (59.1)
Occupational status (n (%), total = 733)    
 Home duties 63 (8.6) 21 (10.5) 42 (7.9)
 Unemployed/not able to work 109 (14.8) 37 (18.5) 72 (13.5)
 Working (fulltime/part-time/student) 561 (76.3) 141 (70.5) 420 (78.5)
Household composition, living with partner (n (%)) 672 (91.4) 177 (88.5) 495 (92.5)
Marital status, with partner (n (%), total = 734) 690 (93.9) 179 (89.5) 511 (95.5)
Shift work, yes (n (%), total = 730) 149 (20.3) 52 (26.0) 97 (18.1)
  1. aBased on the World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5). Values ≤50 were considered as low wellbeing (poor maternal mental health), values >50 as high wellbeing