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Table 2: Distribution of socio-demographic and maternal factors among stillbirths and live-births

From: Level, causes, and risk factors of stillbirth: a population-based case control study from Chandigarh, India

Characteristics Stillbirths (cases)
N=181
Live births (Controls)
N=181
p value
Socio-demographic factors# Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
 Age of mother (years) 26.6 (4.4) 25.5 (3.7) 0.01
 No. of household members 4.9 (2.5) 6.2 (2.9) < 0.001
 Social capital score 39.0 (7.8) 40.8 (8.0) 0.037
Maternal factors* n (%) n (%)  
 Place of delivery    0.002
  Home delivery/On the way to hospital 14 (5.5) 12 (5.0)  
  Medical college (MC) 24 (13.3) 6 (3.3)  
  Hospitals other than MC 143 (79.0) 163 (90.0)  
 Mode of delivery    < 0.001
  Caesarean section 6 (3.3) 35 (19.3)  
  Vaginal 175 (96.7) 146 (80.7)  
 Labour initiation    < 0.001
  Spontaneous 81 (44.8) 105 (58.0)  
  Induced 95 (52.4) 56 (31.0)  
  Don’t know 5 (2.8) 20 (11.0)  
 Colour of liquor    < 0.001
  Clear 52 (28.7) 91 (50.3)  
  Green or light brown 49 (27.1) 36 (19.9)  
  Others/ Don’t know 80 (44.2) 54 (29.8)  
 Sex of foetus    0.005
  Male 76 (42.0) 103 (56.9)  
  Female 103 (56.9) 78 (43.1)  
  Don’t know 2 (1.1) 0  
 Gestational age    < 0.001
  ≥ 37 weeks 70 (38.7) 147 (81.2)  
  ≤ 36 weeks 111 (61.3) 34 (18.8)  
  1. p value determined by # t-test and * chi-square or fisher’s exact test