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Table 2 Bivariable and multivariable analyses on determinants of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia among womenattended delivery services in selected public Hospitalsof Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Determinants of pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia among women attending delivery Services in Selected Public Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case control study

Variables Cases Controls COR(95%: CI) AOR(95%: CI)
Number (%) Number (%)
Marital status
 Never married 13(13.67) 13(6.84) 2.27(1.01, 5.14) 0.76(0.19, 2.88)
 Married/Living together 71(74.74) 161(84.74) 1 1
 Others 11(11.58) 16(8.42) 1.56(0.69, 3.53) 1.34(0.43, 4.11)
Occupation
 Employed 26(27.34) 69(36.32) 1 1
  House wife 47(49.47) 69(36.32) 1.81(1.01, 3.24) 1.72(0.83, 3.58)
 Merchant 11(11.58) 41(21.58) 0.71(0.32, 1.59) 0.55(0.18, 1.64)
 Student 11(11.58) 11(5.79) 2.65(1.03, 6.86) 2.23(0.67, 7.46)
Family history of hypertension
 No 83(87.4) 180(94.7) 1 1
 Yes 12(12.6) 10(5.3) 2.6(1.08, 6.27) 2.24(0.67, 7.46)
History of preeclampsia
 No 27(71.05) 106(89.1) 1 1
 Yes 11(28.95) 13(10.9) 3.32(1.34, 8.23) 4.28(1.61, 11.43) *
Gravidity
 Primigravida 57(60) 71(37.37) 2.5(1.52, 4.17) 2.68(1.38, 5.22) *
 Multigravida 38(40) 119(62.63) 1 1
Pregnancy multiplicity
 Singleton 78(82.1) 181(95.3) 1 1
 Twin 17(17.9) 9(4.7) 5.03(2.18, 11.62) 8.22(2.97, 22.78) **
Planned pregnancy
 No 21(22.11) 14(7.37) 3.57(1.72, 7.39) 2.1(0.68, 7.46)
 Yes 74(77.89) 176(92.63) 1 1
Receiving nutritional counseling during ANC
 No 34(40) 23(12.6) 1 1
 Yes 51(60) 160(87.4) 0.22(0.12, 0.4) 0.22(0.1, 0.48) **
Using contraceptives
 Non-users 32(33.68) 85(44.74) 1 1
 Hormonal 56(58.95) 81(42.63) 1.84(1.08, 3.12) 1.07(0.52, 2.2)
 Mechanical 5(5.26) 10(5.26) 1.32(0.42, 4.19) 0.87(0.15, 5.17)
Alcohol intake
 No 62(65.26) 169(88.95) 1 1
 Yes 33(34.74) 21(11.05) 4.28(2.3, 7.9) 3.97(1.8, 8.75) *
Fruit intake
 No 15(15.79) 11(5.79) 3.05(1.34, 6.94) 1.57(0.47. 5.26)
 Yes 80(84.21) 179(94.21) 1 1
  1. COR crud odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, * p-value <0.05, **p-value <0.001