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Table 2 Comparison of maternal and perinatal outcomes according to indications for induction of labour. Data are numbers (percentage), median [inter-quartile range]

From: Safety and effectiveness of oral misoprostol for induction of labour in a resource-limited setting: a dose escalation study

Maternal and perinatal outcomes Post-dates PLROM Pre-eclampsia Fetal compromisea Fetal death in-utero Others P-values
Number 117 45 28 10 7 2  
Preterm (<37 weeks) 0 (0) 5 (11) 11 (39) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1(50) <0.001
Failed induction 11 (9) 5 (11) 2 (7) 3 (30) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.33
Delivered within 24 h 76 (65) 35 (78) 9 (32) 6 (60) 2 (29) 1 (50) 0.26
Duration of labour (hours) 9.0 [5.8–12.3] 6.4 [4.0–10.3] 9.3 [5.9–12.1] 9.8 [6.9–17.0] 10.0 [5.7–16.3] 14 [13.4–14.6] 0.07
Haemoglobin (g/dL) 10.1 [9.3–12.2] 10.5 [8.4–12.0] 10.3 [9.5–12.6] 10.0 [8.2–12.2] 8.0 [7.0–8.9] 7.4 [1.7–13.0] 0.15
Positive VDRL test 3 (3) 3 (7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.32
Maternal complications
Postpartum haemorrhage 7 (6) 3 (7) 4 (14) 1 (10) 1 (14) 0 (0) 0.71
Retained placenta 0 (0) 2 (4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (29) 0 (0) <0.001
Uterine rupture/hyperstimulation 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Maternal death 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.26
Perinatal outcomes
Apgar score ≤ 7 at 1 min 13 (11) 7 (16) 7 (25) 2 (20) NA 0 (0) 0.04
Apgar score ≤ 7 at 5 min 3 (3) 2 (4) 5 (18) 0 (0) NA 0 (0) <0.001
Baby admitted to SCN 12 (10) 10 (22) 4 (14) 2 (20) NA 0 (0) 0.51
Perinatal death 0 (0) 2 (4) 1 (4) 0 (0) NA 0 (0) 0.33
  1. a Includes severe intra-uterine growth restriction, NA not applicable, PLROM Pre-labour rupture of membrane