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Table 2 Use of Institutional Delivery care as a function of antenatal depressive symptoms

From: Antenatal depressive symptoms and utilisation of delivery and postnatal care: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia

Variables Odds of Institutional delivery (vs. home) (n = 1251) Odds of unplanned Institutional delivery (vs. Planned)(n = 783)
  (cOR, 95% CI) (aOR, 95% CI) (cOR, 95% CI) (aOR, 95% CI)
Depressive Symptoms: PHQ9 ≥ 5 1.09 (0.85, 1.41) 1.42 (1.06, 1.92)* 1.57 (1.10, 2.35)* 1.62 (1.09, 2.42)*
Access to Health Facility 1.16 (1.10, 1.22)** 1.10 (1.04, 1.16)* 0.97 (0.90, 1.04) 0.99 (0.91, 1.07)
Marital Status: Single 0.77 (0.28, 2.07) 0.70 (0.24, 2.06) 0.45 (0.06, 3.60) 0.37 (0.04, 3.10)
Residence: Rural 0.13 (0.06, 0.27)** 0.39 (0.18, 0.89)* 1.02 (0.60, 1.72) 0.78 (0.39 1.56)
Household Income:
 Low 1 1 1 1
 Medium 1.13 (0.85, 1.49) 0.89 (0.65, 1.20) 1.44 (0.95, 2.19) 1.67 (1.07, 2.60)*
 High 1.31 (0.99, 1.73) 1.05 (0.77, 1.45) 1.03 (0.68, 1.58) 1.37 (0.86, 2.18)
Educ. Level:
 Illiterate 1 1 1 1
 Primary Schooling 2.25 (1.71, 2.95)** 1.51 (1.10, 2.08)* 0.70 (0.48, 1.02) 0.65 (0.41, 1.01)
  ≥ Secondary 19.01 (4.59, 78.71** 3.99 (0.87, 18.27) 0.73 (0.34, 1.55) 0.57 (0.22, 1.51)
Intimate Partner violence 0.97 (0.94, 1.01) 0.97 (0.93, 1.02) 0.98 (0.92, 1.04) 0.95 (0.89, 1.02)
Social Support 1.01 (0.95, 1.07) 0.95 (0.88, 1.01) 0.90 (0.83, 0.98)* 0.93 (0.85, 1.02)
Institutional Delivery of previous baby: Yes 3.62 (2.30, 5.68)** 2.21 (1.36, 3.58)* 1.15 (0.93, 1.43) 1.39 (0.85, 2.26)
Birth Preparedness 1.5(1.32, 1.56)** 1.32 (1.20, 1.46)** 0.81 (0.72, 0.92)* 0.81 (0.71, 0.93)*
Parity (Birth Order) 0.83 (0.79, 0.88)** 0.90 (0.84, 0.97)* 1.00 (0.92, 1.08) 0.93 (0.83, 1.03)
Pregnancy Intention:
 Wanted 1 1 1 1
 Mistimed 0.62 (0.40, 0.96)* 0.70 (0.44, 1.11) 0.86 (0.42, 1.77) 0.87 (0.41, 1.83)
 Unwanted 0.64 (0.51, 0.82)** 0.84 (0.64, 1.11) 1.03 (0.71, 1.48) 0.95 (0.63 1.43)
Symptoms of Pregnancy Comp.: ≥1 0.88 (0.70, 1.11) 0.88 (0.68, 1.15) 1.16 (0.83, 1.64) 1.01 (0.69, 1.47)
Comorbid medical conditions: ≥1 1.32 (1.04, 1.67)* 1.23 (0.95, 1.59) 0.99 (0.70, 1.39) 0.96 (0.67, 1.38)
  1. *significant at <0.05, **significant at <0.001
  2. Access to health care facility score: minimum = 5; Maximum = 15; Mean = 11.98; SD = 2.40
  3. Birth Preparedness score: Minimum = 0; Maximum = 4; Mean = 1.61; SD = 1.42
  4. Intimate Partner violence score: minimum = 9; Maximum = 16; Mean = 2.14; SD = 2.88
  5. Social support score: minimum = 3; Maximum = 14; Mean = 10.68; SD = 2.00
  6. Parity score: minimum = 0; Maximum = 12; Mean = 2.74; SD = 2.09