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Table 1 Types of GDM health interventions used in China

From: Healthcare interventions for the prevention and control of gestational diabetes mellitus in China: a scoping review

Intervention Number of studies Percentage (%)
Dietary 149 18.6
Exercise 13 1.6
Medication 166 20.7
Western medication 156 19.5
Chinese traditional medicine 6 0.7
ICTWMI 4 0.5
Health education 72 9.0
Psychological 21 2.6
Combination 381 47.5
DE 34 4.2
DEM 130 16.2
DEMHP 217 27.1
  1. ICTWMI Integrated Chinese Traditional Medicine and Western Medicine Intervention
  2. DE intervention Dietary + Exercise intervention
  3. DEM intervention Dietary + Exercise + Medication intervention
  4. DEMHP intervention Dietary + Exercise + Medication + Health education + Psychological intervention