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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of factors that associate with use of skilled delivery services

From: Factors associated with utilization of skilled service delivery among women in rural Northern Ghana: a cross sectional study

Characteristics Non- health facility delivery (N = 27) Health facility delivery (N = 373) p-value for
χ2 test
n (%) n (%)
Age of mother
 16–25 8 (4.5) 170 (95.5) .271
 26–35 15 (8.7) 158 (91.3)  
 36–45 4 (8.2) 45 (91.8)  
Parity
 1–2 10 (4.9) 194 (95.1) .321
 3–4 13 (8.8) 135 (91.2)  
 5+ 4 (8.3) 44 (91.7)  
Marital status
 Married 20 (6.3) 299 (93.7) .366
 Cohabiting 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0)  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 1 (3.3) 29 (96.7)  
 Never married 6 (12.2) 43 (87.8)  
Educational attainment of mother
 None 17 (10.4) 147 (89.6) .038*
 Primary 7 (6.5) 100 (93.5)  
 Middle/JSS/JHS 2 (2.1) 94 (97.9)  
 Secondary/SSS/SHS/Tech/Voc 0 (0.0) 28 (100.0)  
 Tertiary 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)  
ANC attendancea
 Yes 23 (5.9) 366 (94.1) .000***
 No 4 (36.4) 7 (63.6)  
Number of ANC visitsa
 One 0 (0.0) 6 (100.0) 001**
 Two 0 (0.0) 12 (100.0)  
 Three 2 (2.8) 69 (97.2)  
 Four or more 21 (7.0) 279 (93.0)  
Satisfaction with ANC provideda
 Yes 21 (5.5) 363 (94.5) .000***
 No 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0)  
NHIS valid card holder
 Yes 23 (6.0) 361 (94.0) .003**
 No 4 (25.0) 12 (75.0)  
Wealth quintile
 Less wealthy 27 (7.2) 347 (92.8) .366
 Wealthy 0 (0.0) 20 (100.0)  
 Wealthier 0 (0.0) 6 (100.0)  
  1. aResponse category excludes Not applicable response
  2. *p < .05, **p < 0.01, ***p < .001