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Table 2 Participant descriptors

From: The meaning of labour pain: how the social environment and other contextual factors shape women’s experiences

Pregnancy risk level Onset of labour Mode of delivery
H = High SPON = Spontaneous NVB = Normal vaginal birth
L = Low AUG = Augmented IVB = Instrumental vaginal birth (vacuum/forceps)
  IND = Induced CS = Caesarean section