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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers who died and near misses in the Sardjito hospital during the study period (n 114)

From: Maternal care quality in near miss and maternal mortality in an academic public tertiary hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics Maternal Death (28) Near Miss (86)
Age (mean ± standard deviation) 31.64 ± 2.40 30.19 ± 1.67
Gestation age in current pregnancy (weeks) 33.11 ± 1.88 35.5 ± 0.77
Estimated Foetal weight at admission (gram) 1876.5 ± 287 2119.4 ± 191.50
Parity (n, %):
 Primigravid 8 (30.77%) 43 (50.0%)
 Secundi or multigravida 16 (69.23%) 43 (50.05%)
Referral from other health care facilities (n, %) 23 (88.46%) 85 (98.84%)
Diagnoses during hospitalization (n, %):
 Eclampsia 6 (21.43%) 24 (27.91%)
 Severe Pre-eclampsia 17 (60.7%) 82 (95.35%)
 HELLP or partial HELLP syndrome 7 (25%) 28 (32.56%)
 Sepsis or severe systemic infection 17 (18.42%) 4 (4.65%)
 Postpartum Haemorrhage 4 (14.29%) 5 (5.81%)
 Ruptured uterus 0 (0.00%) 1 (1.16%)
 Severe complication of abortion 1 (3.57%) 0 (0.00%)
Admission to intensive care unit (n,%) 24 (85.71%) 39 (45.35%)
Use of blood products (n, %) 6 (24%) 19 (22.89%)
Stillbirth in current pregnancy (n, %) 10 (41.67%) 5 (5.95%)
ANC history in current pregnancy (n, %) 14 (87.50%) 72 (97.20%)
Timeliness (mean ± standard deviation):
 Triage response time (minute) 8 ± 3.59 1.29 ± 0.24
 Obstetric resident response time (minute) 36.17 ± 23.48 18.78 ± 4.85
 ICU waiting time (minute) 109.5 ± 61.4 73.8 ± 19.35
 Surgery waiting time (minute) 119.7 ± 34.75 142.5 ± 23.15
 Length of stay in ICU (hour) 143.5 ± 87.21 56.16 ± 23.58
 Length of stay in emergency (minute) 252.05 ± 90.66 202.28 ± 35.34
Process Indicators (n, %):
 Oxytocin treatment 22 (84.62%) 83 (97.65%)
 Magnesium sulphate in Preeclampsia/Eclampsia 15 (88.24%) 78 (97.50%)
 Antibiotic as prophylactic 24 (88.90%) 81 (96.43%)
 Antibiotic as treatment 25 (92.69%) 84 (100,00%)
Comorbidities (n, %):
 Hypertension 6 (25.00%) 14 (16.47%)
 Diabetes Mellitus 0 (0.00%) 1 (1.19%)
 Heart Disease 6 (26.10%) 0 (0.00%)
 Asthma 3 (12.50%) 3 (3.53%)
 Infectious disease 3 (13.0%) 0 (0.00%)
Mode of delivery:
 (Emergency) Caesarean section (n, %) 19 (70.37%) 80 (94.12%)
 Vaginal delivery (n, %) 6 (24.00%) 7 (8.33%)
 Induction in Labour (n, %) 5 (19.23%) 13 (15.66%)
Hysterectomy (n, %) 3 (11.11%) 3 (3.57%)
History of Preeclampsia/Eclampsia in previous pregnancy (n, %) 4 (16.67%) 5 (5.95%)
History of Postpartum haemorrhage in previous pregnancy (n, %) 0 (0.00%) 3 (3.53%)