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Table 2 Impact of Couder’s maneuver on perineal lesion types

From: Active delivery of the anterior arm and incidence of second-degree perineal tears: a clinical practice evaluation

  Couder group (n = 101) Control group (n = 98) p-value
Posterior perineum:
 - Intact perineum 21 (20.8%) 14 (14.3%) NS
 - First degree 71 (70.3%) 55 (56.1%) 0.03
 - Second degree 9 (8.9%) 29 (29.6%) <0.001
Anterior perineum: 44 (43.6%) 36 (36.7%) NS
 - Labial tears 38 (86.4%) 32 (88.9%)
 - periurethral tears 6 (13.6%) 4 (11.1%)