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Table 1 Crosstabulation of opioid analgesia use by study condition

From: Benefits of preparing for childbirth with mindfulness training: a randomized controlled trial with active comparison

  Labor pain management: Use of opioid analgesia Total
NO YES  
Study condition Control 5 8 13
MIL 9 4 13
Total 14 12 26
  1. Subsample analyzed: n = 26; n = 3 participants excluded (n = 2 who experienced no labor due to Cesarean births and 1 with missing data)