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Table 1 Maternal characteristics of mothers delivering singleton live births and stillbirths at the district study hospitals (October 1, 2009 and March 15, 2010)

From: Maternal characteristics and obstetrical complications impact neonatal outcomes in Indonesia: a prospective study

Maternal characteristics Live-birth
(n = 650)
Stillbirth (n = 49) Total
(n = 699)
p value
Data collected from medical records
Maternal Age (years) 647 (100) 49 (100) 696 (100)  
  < 20 77 (11.9) 7 (14.3) 84 (12.1) 0.294
 20–35 430 (69.6) 29 (59.2) 479 (68.8)
  > 35 143 (18.5) 13 (26.5) 133 (19.1)
 Mean ± SD 27.94 ± 7.00 29.65 ± 7.6 28.06 ± 7.05 0.101
 Range 14–50 14–44 14–50
Gravidity 648 (100) 49 (100) 697 (100)  
 1 311 (48.0) 19 (38.8) 330 (47.3) 0.460
 2–3 246 (38.0) 14 (44.9) 268 (38.5)
 4+ 91 (14) 8 (16.3) 99 (14.2)
Insurance 642 (100) 49 (100) 691 (100)  
 Insurance for the poor 350 (54.5) 25 (51.0) 375 (54.3) 0.452
 Other insurance 37 (5.8) 5 (10.2) 42 (6.1)
 Out of pocket 255 (39.7) 19 (38.8) 274 (39.7)
Residence 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 Urban 139 (21.4) 10 (20.4) 149 (21.3) 0.872
 Rural 511 (78.6) 39 (79.6) 550 (78.7)
Referral (info from case notes) 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 Referred from other health provider 483 (74.3) 30 (61.2) 513 (73.4) 0.046
 Self referred 167 (25.7) 19 (38.8) 186 (26.6)
 Time of Admission 646 (100) 47 (100) 693 (100)  
 Weekdays (07.01–14.00) 273 (42.3) 21 (44.7) 294 (42.4) 0.957
 (14.01–21.00) 156 (24.1) 12 (25.5) 168 (24.2)
 (21.01–07.00) 134 (20.7) 9 (19.1) 143 (20.6)
 Weekend 83 (12.9) 5 (10.6) 88 (12.7)
 Time of Delivery 535 (100) 45 (100) 580 (100)  
 Weekdays (07.01–14.00) 239 (44.7) 18 (40) 257 (44.3) 0.202
 (14.01–21.00) 102 (19.1) 14 (31.1) 116 (20)
 (21.01–07.00) 116 (21.7) 6 (13.3) 122 (21)
 Weekends 78 (14.6) 7 (15.6) 85 (14.7)
Maternal Diagnosisa 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 Normal (or minor complications) 75 (11.5) 15 (30.6) 90 (12.9) <0.001
 Antepartum hemorrhage 26 (4.0) 4 (8.2) 30 (4.3) 0.166
 Postpartum hemorrhage 31 (4.8) 7 (14.3) 38 (5.4) 0.005
 Severe preeclampsia/eclampsia 72 (11.1) 7 (14.3) 79 (11.3) 0.494
 Maternal hypertension not associated with preeclampsia/eclampsia 59 (9.1) 2 (4.1) 61 (8.7) 0.301
 PROM 181 (27.8) 4 (8.2) 185 (26.5) 0.003
 Dystocia 175 (26.9) 6 (12.2) 181 (25.9) 0.024
 Malpresentation 68 (10.5) 15 (30.6) 83 (11.9) <0.001
 Obstetric Infection 9 (1.4) 4 (8.2) 13 (1.9) 0.001
Mode of Delivery 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 Spontaneous 347 (53.4) 40 (81.6) 387 (55.4) 0.001
 Assisted vaginal 22 (3.4) 0 (0) 22 (3.1)
 Cesarean 281 (43.2) 9 (18.4) 290 (41.5)
Severity of illness 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 No complications 75 (11.5) 15 (30.6) 90 (12.9) <0.001
 Mild-severe complications 521 (80.2) 25 (51.0) 546 (78.1)
 Near-miss or death 54 (8.3) 9 (18.4) 63 (9)
Near-miss by time 650 (100) 49 (100) 699 (100)  
 Non Near-miss 596 (91.7) 42 (85.7) 638 (91.3) 0.047
 Near-miss at admission 19 (2.9) 5 (10.2) 24 (3.4)
 Near-miss after admission 25 (3.8) 2 (4.1) 27 (3.9)
 Near-miss time unclear 10 (1.5) 0 (0) 10 (1.4)
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. aDiagnoses are not mutually exclusive
  3. Data in italics have precise significance