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Table 6 Adverse birth outcome: Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

From: Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

Variables SGAa,b OR CI 95% P- valuec AOR CI 95% P- value
N total SGA 47       
Age 47       
 ≥30 year 7 (6.9) 1      
 <30 year 40 (13.5) 2.11 0.92–4.88 0.049 2.09 0.9–4.85 0.085
Education 47       
 No formal education 2 (9.1) 1      
 Primary and higher 45 (12.1) 1.38 0.31–6.09 1.0d    
Socioeconomic status (SES) 47       
 Higher SES (≥1 asset) 37 (12.0) 1      
 Lowest SES (0 assets) 10 (11.1) 0.92 0.44–1.93 0.82    
Parity 47       
 Grand multiparity ≥5 deliveries 2 (4.2) 1      
 Parity ≤4 deliveries 45 (12.7) 3.21 0.75–13.72 0.1    
Malaria in pregnancy 47       
 MIP detected peri-partum 1 (7.7) 1      
 No MIP detected peri-partum 44 (12.2) 1.67 0.21–13.12 1.0d    
 MIP ≤2nd trimester or no MIP 34 (10.6) 1      
 MIP >3rd trimester 13 (20.3) 2.26 1.12–4.57 0.02 2.24 1.1–4.54 0.026
Anaemia ≤11.5 mg/l 46       
 Yes 13 (11.8) 1      
 No 31 (12.4) 1.06 0.53–2.11 0.88    
  1. aAll data N (%)
  2. bPercentages refer to the number of participants with available data on respective variable
  3. cBivariate, Pearson’s X2 asymptotic two-sided p- value if not indicated otherwise. P-values in italics indicate statistically significant differences between the groups
  4. dBivariate, Fisher’s Exact test two- sided p- value