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Table 5 Adverse birth outcome: Pre- term delivery (PTD)

From: Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

Variables PTDa,b OR CI 95% P-valuec AOR CI 95% P- value
N total 116       
Age 116       
 <30 year 84 (27.5) 1      
 ≥30 year 32 (30.8) 1.18 0.72–1.91 0.52    
Education 114       
 Tertiary 6 (14.3) 1      
 Secondary and less 108 (29.8) 2.55 1.04–6.23 0.034 1.67 0.63–4.4 0.3
Socioeconomic status (SES) 115       
 Higher SES (≥1 assets) 79 (24.9) 1      
 Lowest SES (0 assets) 36 (39.1) 1.94 1.19–3.16 0.008 1.48 0.72–3.06 0.29
ANC attendance 111       
 Yes 106 (27.4) 1      
 No 5 (62.5) 4.42 1.04–18.81 0.043 d 5.42 0.88–33.54 0.07
Parity 115       
 Multiparity (≥2 deliveries) 68 (24.5) 1      
 Primiparity 47 (35.9) 1.73 1.1–2.71 0.017 1.61 0.96–2.69 0.07
Malaria in pregnancy        
 No MIP detected peri-partum 102 (27.5)/108 1      
 MIP detected peri-partum 6 (46.2) 2.26 0.74–6.89 0.2    
 MIP >2 weeks prior deliv. or no MIP 98 (26.1)/110 1      
 ≤2 weeks prior delivery 12 (48.0) 2.61 1.15–5.91 0.018 2.58 1.03–6.46 0.044
 MIP >3rd trimester 17 (26.2)/116 1      
 MIP ≤2nd trimester or no MIP 99 (28.7) 1.14 0.62–2.07 0.68    
Anaemia ≤11.5 mg/l 99       
 No 60 (23.5) 1      
 Yes 39 (33.6) 1.65 1.02–2.67 0.04 1.69 1.01–2.84 0.047
  1. aAll data N (%)
  2. bPercentages refer to the number of participants with available data on respective variable
  3. cBivariate, Pearson’s X2 asymptotic two-sided p- value if not indicated otherwise. P-values in italics indicate statistically significant differences between the groups
  4. dBivariate, Fisher’s Exact test two- sided p- value