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Table 4 Adverse birth outcome: Stillbirth (SB)

From: Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

Variables SBa,b OR CI 95% P- valuec AOR CI 95% P- value
N Total 26       
Age 26       
 <30 year 19 (6.2) 1      
 ≥30 year 7 (6.7) 1.08 0.44–2.65 0.86    
Education 26       
 Primary and higher 21 (5.5) 1      
 No formal education 5 (21.7) 4.78 1.62–14.12 0.011 d 1.12 0.22–5.67 0.89
Occupation 26       
 Income generation 5 (5.0) 1      
 No income generation 21 (7.2) 1.48 0.54–4.04 0.44    
Socioeconomic status (SES) 26       
 Higher SES (≥1 assets) 15 (4.7) 1      
 Lowest SES (0 assets) 11 (12.0) 2.75 1.22–6.22 0.012 1.89 0.69–5.17 0.21
Parity 26       
 Primiparity 7 (5.3) 1      
 Multiparity (≥2 deliveries) 19 (6.8) 1.29 0.53–3.15 0.58    
Travel distance 24       
 <90 min 11 (3.7) 1      
 ≥90 min 13 (17.6) 5.6 2.4–13.1 <0.001 d 5.83 2.21–15.42 <0.001
Hypertension 26       
 No hypertension 22 (5.5) 1      
 Hypertension 4 (40) 11.52 3.03–43.81 0.002 18.03 3.31–98.1 0.001
Malaria in pregnancy 26       
 No MIP detected peri-partum 24 (6.4) 1      
 MIP detected peri-partum 2 (15.4) 2.64 0.55–12.61 0.22d    
 MIP >3rd trimester 3 (4.6) 1      
 MIP ≤2nd trimester or no MIP 23 (6.6) 1.47 0.43–5.04 0.78d    
Anaemia ≤11.5 mg/l 24       
 No 12 (4.7) 1      
 Yes 12 (10.3) 2.32 1.01–5.34 0.042 2.26 0.88–5.84 0.09
  1. aAll data N (%)
  2. bPercentages refer to the number of participants with available data on respective variable
  3. cBivariate, Pearson’s X2 asymptotic two-sided p-value if not indicated otherwise. P-values in italics indicate statistically significant differences between the groups
  4. dBivariate, Fisher’s Exact test two- sided p- value