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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical baseline data, difference by HIV status

From: Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

Variables Overall HIV negative HIV positive ORa CI 95% P valueb
N total (%) 412 (100) 302 (73.3) 110 (26.7)    
Age (years)c 25 (18–42) 25 (18–42) 26 (18–42)    0.052d
No. of persons in householdc 4 (1–22) 4 (1–22) 3.5 (1–10)    0.08d
Single/widowed/divorced e 67/410 (16.3) 40 (13.3) 27 (24.8) 2.15 1.24–3.72 0.005
Education: primary and lesse 242/405 (59.8) 168 (56.4) 74 (69.2) 1.74 1.09–2.78 0.021
Income generating activitye 101/394 (25.6) 69 (24.0) 32 (30.2) 1.37 0.84–2.25 0.21
Socioeconomic status: lowest categorye 92/411 (22.4) 74 (24.6) 18 (16.4) 0.6 0.34–1.06 0.08
Travel distance to hospital ≥90 mine 74/374 (19.8) 61 (21.8) 13 (13.8) 0.58 0.3–1.11 0.094
Referral from other health facilityle 168/409 (41.1) 123 (41.1) 45 (40.9) 0.99 0.64–1.55 0.97
Cost coverage grant for transport/deliverye 103/397 (25.9) 60 (20.3) 43 (42.2) 2.9 1.76–4.63 <0.001
Primiparitye 131/409 (32.4) 107 (35.5) 24 (21.8) 0.51 0.3–0.84 0.008
Grand multiparity (≥5 deliveries)e 48/411 (11.7) 35 (11.6) 13 (11.8) 1.02 0.52–2.01 0.96
Any obstetric risk historye 122/401 (30.4) 71 (24.1) 51 (48.1) 2.93 1.84–4.66 <0.001
Hypertensione 10/412 (2.4) 8 (2.6) 2 (1.8) 0.68 0.14–3.26 0.63
MIP reportede 110/402 (27.4) 84 (28.3) 26 (24.8) 0.84 0.5–1.39 0.49
Anaemia ≤11.5 mg/dle 117/373 (31.4) 84 (29.9) 33 (35.9) 1.31 0.8–2.2 0.28
ANC attendance: yese 387/397 (97.5) 286 (97.6) 101 (97.1) 0.82 0.21–3.25 0.78
No. of ANC visitsc 4 (0–9) 4 (0–9) 4 (0–9)    0.16d
  1. aAll dichotomous variables consist of the respective attribute compared to the converse attribute and were cross tabulated against the women’s serostatus. The results of the converse attribute is not displayed
  2. bBivariate, Pearson’s X2 asymptotic two-sided p-value, if not indicated otherwise. P-values in italics indicate statistically significant differences between the groups
  3. cmedian (range)
  4. dMann–Whitney-U-Test
  5. en/total n with available data (%)