Skip to main content

Table 2 Comorbidity according to NVP severity

From: The burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: severe impacts on quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again – results from a cross-sectional study

  PUQE
Total Mild Moderate Severe  
N = 712 n (%) N = 62 n (%) N = 439 n (%) N = 210 n (%) p-valuea
Heartburn and reflux problems 458 (64.3) 36 (58.1) 270 (61.5) 151 (71.9) 0.02
Headache 441 (61.9) 29 (46.8) 277 (63.1) 134 (63.8) 0.04
Constipation 431 (60.5) 45 (72.6) 267 (60.8) 118 (56.2) 0.07
Common cold 274 (38.4) 25 (40.3) 175 (39.9) 73 (34.8) 0.43
Pain in back, neck or pelvic 469 (65.8) 41 (66.1) 297 (67.7) 130 (61.9) 0.35
Sleep problems 450 (63.2) 33 (53.2) 282 (64.2) 134 (63.8) 0.24
Urinary tract infection 114 (15.9) 7 (11.3) 67 (15.3) 39 (18.6) 0.33
Other 91 (12.8) 9 (14.5) 60 (13.7) 22 (10.5) 0.48
Any chronic illness 345 (48.5) 21 (33.9) 221 (50.3) 103 (49.0) 0.051
Feelings of depression due to NVP
 Never 61 (8.6) 18 (29.0) 37 (8.4) 6 (2.9) <0.001
 Seldom 121 (17.0) 22 (35.5) 82 (18.7) 17 (8.1)  
 Sometimes 323 (45.4) 19 (30.6) 211 (48.1) 93 (44.3)  
 Most of the time 187 (26.3) 3 (4.8) 101 (23.0) 82 (39.0)  
 Always 20 (2.8) 0 (0.0) 8 (1.8) 12 (5.7)  
  1. aChi-square test or Fisher’s exact test when expected count was less than 5. Bold p-values indicate statistically significant differences between the groups