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Table 3 The indications for cesarean by regions

From: Caesarean deliveries in China

Indications Total
(% of 61084)
Total
(% of 112138)
Tertiary hospital (% of 79631) Secondary hospital
(% of 32507)
X 2 value P value
Total Cesarean Delivery 100 61084 (54.5) 44535 (55.9) 16549 (50.9) 234.35 <0.001
Repeat Cesarean Delivery 7.8 4783 (4.3) 3640 (4.6) 1143 (3.5) 62.91 <0.001
Primary Cesarean Delivery 92.2 56301 (50.2) 40895 (51.4) 15406 (47.4) 145.00 <0.001
Non-indicated 38.4 23474 (20.9) 15382 (19.3) 8092 (24.9) 433.71 <0.001
 Cesarean Delivery on maternal demand 21.9 13367 (11.9) 7957 (10.0) 5410 (16.6) 972.35 <0.001
 Other non-indicated Cesarean Delivery 16.5 10107 (9.0) 7425 (9.3) 2682 (8.3) 32.45 <0.001
Indicated Cesarean Delivery 53.7 32827 (29.3) 25513 (32.0) 7314 (22.5) 1014.56 <0.001
 NRFHT 12.8 7840 (7.0) 5736 (7.2) 2104 (6.5) 19.00 <0.001
 FTP/CPD (in labor) 8.8 5373 (4.8) 4006 (5.0) 1367 (4.2) 34.48 <0.001
 Malpresentation 5.7 3500 (3.1) 2811 (3.5) 689 (2.1) 151.88 <0.001
 Suspected macrosomia 5.6 3427 (3.1) 2463 (3.1) 964 (3.0) 1.27 0.26
 Preeclampsia/ eclampsia 4.3 2650 (2.4) 2356 (3.0) 294 (0.9) 422.18 <0.001
 Oligohydrammios 3.9 2393 (2.1) 1807 (2.3) 586 (1.8) 24.06 <0.001
 Late pregnancy bleeding 2.7 1637 (1.5) 1476 (1.9) 161 (0.5) 296.05 <0.001
 Prior uterine surgery 2.5 1554 (1.4) 1244 (1.6) 310 (1.0) 62.56 <0.001
 Multiple fetus 2.1 1280 (1.1) 1178 (1.5) 102 (0.3) 277.90 <0.001
 FGR 2.0 1194 (1.1) 629 (0.8) 565 (1.7) 197.01 <0.001
 Other medical disease 1.2 727 (0.6) 694 (0.9) 33 (0.1) 211.49 <0.001
 Other indications 2.0 1252 (1.1) 1113 (1.4) 139 (0.4) 196.77 <0.001