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Table 2 Characteristics of the men interviewed (n = 19)

From: Fathers’ views and experiences of their own mental health during pregnancy and the first postnatal year: a qualitative interview study of men participating in the UK Born and Bred in Yorkshire (BaBY) cohort

Characteristic Mean, s.d., range; n (%)
Age (years) 33.1, s.d. 5.1 (25–44)
First-time father
 Yes 14 (73.4)
Children from previous relationships
 Yes 0 (100.0)
Age of baby/youngest child (months) at time of invitation 8.1, s.d. 1.5 (5.1–9.8)
Type of birth
 Spontaneous vaginal delivery 11 (57.9)
 Caesarean section 5 (26.3)
 Instrumental 3 (15.8)
Marital status
 Married 16 (84.2)
 Residing together 3 (15.8)
Ethnicity
 White British 18 (94.7)
 White – Other 1 (5.3)
UK born
 Yes 17 (89.5)
Employment
 Employed full-time 17 (89.5)
 Employed part-time 1 (5.3)
 Unemployed 1 (5.3)
Education
 Secondary school 2 (10.5)
 Further education (Post-16, including vocational) 7 (36.8)
 Higher education (University) 9 (47.4)
 Not reported 1 (5.3)
Antenatal mental health and wellbeing scores
 PHQ-8 Mean 3.5, s.d. 2.7, range 0–10
 GAD-7 Mean 3.0, s.d. 2.5, range 0–8
 PHQ-15 Mean 3.4, s.d. 2.9, range 0–9
 LTE (List of Threatening Events) Range 0–2; 5 scoring ≥1
Postnatal mental health and wellbeing scores
 PHQ-8 Mean 4.8, s.d. 2.8, range 0–11
 GAD-7 Mean 4.0, s.d. 2.9, range 0–12
 PHQ-15 Mean 4.0, s.d. 2.7, range 0–10
 LTE (List of Threatening Events) Range 0–2; 3 scoring ≥1