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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participating women at enrolment, by intervention group

From: Providing lipid-based nutrient supplement during pregnancy does not reduce the risk of maternal P falciparum parasitaemia and reproductive tract infections: a randomised controlled trial

Characteristic IFA MMN LNS
Number of participants 463 466 462
Mean (SD) maternal age, years 25 (6) 25 (6) 25 (6)
Mean (SD) maternal education, completed years 3.9 (3.4) 4.1 (3.4) 4.1 (3.6)
Proportion with severely food insecure households 34.7% 37.5% 35.8%
Mean (SD) gestational age at enrolment, weeks 16.8 (2.1) 16.8 (2.2) 16.9 (2.2)
Mean (SD) number of previous pregnancies 2.1 (1.8) 2.1 (1.8) 2.2 (1.7)
Proportion of nulliparous women 20.4% 23.0% 22.1%
Mean (SD) height, cm 156.1 (5.7) 156.0 (5.6) 156.1 (5.7)
Mean (SD) weight, kg 53.9 (7.4) 54.0 (8.1) 54.3 (8.4)
Mean (SD) MUAC, cm 26.4 (2.4) 26.3 (2.8) 26.5 (2.7)
Mean (SD) BMI, kg/m2 22.1 (2.6) 22.2 (2.9) 22.2 (3.0)
Proportion of women with a BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 5.9% 4.6% 5.7%
Mean (SD) blood haemoglobin concentration, g/l 111 (17) 111 (16) 112 (16)
Proportion of anaemic women (Hb < 100 g/l) 21.0% 19.8% 21.2%
Proportion of women with a positive HIV test 15.6% 11.1% 14.4%
Proportion of women with a positive P. falciparum test (RDT) 22.7% 24.1% 22.8%
  1. IFA iron and folic acid, LNS lipid based nutrient supplement, MMN multiple micronutrients, MUAC mid-upper arm circumference, RDT rapid diagnostic test