Skip to main content

Table 3 Sample descriptives according to geographic origin (N = 4904)

From: Do experiences with pregnancy, birth and postnatal care in Norway vary by the women’s geographic origin? a comparison of cross-sectional survey results

  Norway W Europe, N America, Oceania Eastern Europe Asia, Turkey, Africa, S America Total  
N % N % N % N % N % p for differencesa
Age (years) ≤0.001
  ≤ 25 803 19.9 32 13.7 70 24.1 52 14.7 957 19.5  
  > 25 ≤ 28 744 18.5 36 15.5 71 24.5 53 15.0 904 18.4  
  > 28 ≤ 31 891 22.1 50 21.5 54 18.6 83 23.5 1078 22.0  
  > 31 ≤ 35 950 23.6 53 22.7 64 22.1 94 26.6 1161 23.7  
  > 35 640 15.9 62 26.6 31 10.7 71 20.1 804 16.4  
Parity ≤0.001
 First 1894 47.0 109 46.8 177 61.0 164 46.5 2344 47.8  
 Second 1367 33.9 89 38.2 88 30.3 118 33.4 1662 33.9  
 Third 579 14.4 24 10.3 22 7.6 45 12.7 670 13.7  
 Fourth or more 188 4.7 11 4.7 3 1.0 26 7.4 228 4.6  
Birth
 Single birth 3972 98.6 226 97.0 287 99.0 350 99.2 4835 98.6 0.146
 Epidural or spinal anaesthesia (excluding caesarean) 1058 26.3 62 26.6 102 35.2 102 28.9 1324 27.0 0.009
Mode of delivery
 Emergency caesarean 451 11.2 32 13.7 27 9.3 61 17.3 571 11.6 0.003
 Planned caesarean 246 6.1 14 6.0 14 4.8 20 5.7 294 6.0 0.835
Regional health authority 0.012
 Southeast 2121 52.7 146 62.7 164 56.6 208 58.9 2639 53.8  
 West 755 18.7 30 12.9 49 16.9 67 19.0 901 18.4  
 Central 652 16.2 29 12.4 50 17.2 50 14.2 781 15.9  
 North 500 12.4 28 12.0 27 9.3 28 7.9 583 11.9  
Institution size (no. of births per year) 0.009
  < 49 + other/unspecified 34 0.8 0 0 5 1.7 2 0.6 41 0.8  
 50–499 586 14.5 32 13.7 46 15.9 37 10.5 701 14.3  
 500–1499 1003 24.9 45 19.3 77 26.6 69 19.5 1194 24.3  
 1500–2999 1336 33.2 100 42.9 95 32.8 121 34.3 1652 33.7  
  ≤ 3000 1069 26.5 56 24.0 67 23.1 124 35.1 1316 26.8  
Municipality size (no. of inhabitants) 0.000
  < 5000 538 13.4 24 10.3 38 13.1 33 9.3 633 12.9  
 5000-9999 576 14.3 29 12.4 45 15.5 33 9.3 683 13.9  
 10000-19999 682 16.9 35 15.0 45 15.5 43 12.2 805 16.4  
 20000-49999 985 24.5 59 25.3 70 24.1 85 24.1 1199 24.4  
  > 50000 1247 31.0 86 36.9 92 31.7 159 45.0 1584 32.3  
Marital statusb 0.727
 Neither married nor cohabiting 125 3.1 6 2.6 6 2.1 12 3.4 149 3.0  
Educationb 0.000
 Primary school 129 3.3 6 2.6 8 3.0 62 18.8 205 4.3  
 Secondary school 1173 29.6 54 23.4 70 26.2 96 29.1 1393 29.1  
 University undergraduate 1571 39.7 82 35.5 92 34.5 119 36.1 1864 38.9  
 University postgraduate 1088 27.5 89 38.5 97 36.3 53 16.1 1327 27.7  
Main activity when not on maternity leaveb 0.000
 Working 3322 83.8 188 81.4 162 60.7 167 50.6 3839 80.1  
 Sick leave or welfare allowances 117 3.0 4 1.7 3 1.1 5 1.5 129 2.7  
 Education 272 6.9 13 5.6 8 3.0 57 17.3 350 7.3  
 Homemaking 43 1.1 4 1.7 30 11.2 49 14.8 126 2.6  
 Unemployed 176 4.4 14 6.1 48 18.0 41 12.4 279 5.8  
 Other 35 0.9 8 3.5 16 6.0 11 3.3 70 1.5  
Self-rated healthb 0.000
 Poor 41 1.0 2 0.9 3 1.1 6 1.8 52 1.1  
 Fair 223 5.6 20 8.7 19 7.1 50 15.2 312 6.5  
 Good 1058 26.7 63 27.3 132 49.4 113 34.2 1366 28.6  
 Very good 1780 45.0 86 37.2 82 30.7 105 31.8 2053 42.9  
 Excellent 854 21.6 60 26.0 31 11.6 56 17.0 1001 20.9  
  1. a:χ 2 test
  2. b:Data from questionnaire