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Table 1 Iron supplementation during pregnancy by background characteristics in Ethiopia, 2011

From: Differences in spatial distributions of iron supplementation use among pregnant women and associated factors in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2011 national population based survey

Background characteristics Weighted frequency and percentage Coverage of iron supplementation with 95%CI
Frequency Percentage
Region
 Tigray 526 8.1 33.8 (29.9–38.00)
 Afar 78 1.2 23.4 (14.9–33.8)
 Amhara 1984 30.5 19.1 (17.4–20.8)
 Oromia 3109 47.8 11.9 (10.7–13.0)
 Somali 197 3.0 20.0 (14.7–25.8)
 Benshangul-gumz 92 1.4 23.4 (15.2–31.8)
 SNNPR 246 3.8 15.1 (13.4–16.9)
 Gambella 31 0.5 27.5 (12.8–43.2)
 Harari 19 0.3 31.6 (13.9–54.5)
 Addis Ababa 192 3.0 38.9 (32.4–46.1)
 Dire Dawa 26 0.4 28.2 (12.6–46.1)
Residence
 Urban 1183 15.0 27.3 (24.8–29.9)
 Rural 6,699 85.0 15.3 (14.4–16.2)
Wealth index
 Poor 3420 43.4 13.0 (12.0–14.2)
 Middle 1622 20.6 15.2 (13.5–17.0)
 Rich 2840 36.0 23.1 (21.9–25.0)
Current occupation status
 Not working 3499 44.4 15.6 (14.4–16.8)
 Working* 4383 55.6 18.3 (17.2–19.4)
Religion
 Christian 5157 65.4 17.9 (16.9–19.0)
 Muslim 2552 32.4 15.9 (14.5–17.4)
 Others 173 2.2 9.2 (5.6–14.3)
Community conversation
 Not heard 878 30.4 15.0 (14.1–15.9)
 Heard 2008 69.6 23.3 (21.5–25.2)
Mother education
 None 5249 66.6 14.9 (13.9–15.9)
 Primary 2266 28.6 19.2 (17.6–20.8)
 Secondary and higher 368 4.7 35.6 (30.8–40.6)
Husband education
 None 3847 49.7 14.1 (13.0–15.2)
 Primary 3171 40.9 17.9 (16.6–19.3)
 Secondary and higher 729 9.4 28.0 (24.8–31.3)
ANC use
 0–3 times 6350 80.6 12.0 (11.2–12.8)
 4+ times 1553 19.4 38.1 (35.6–40.6)
Anemia status
 Anemic 1429 18.8 14.5 (12.7–16.4)
 Not anemic 6181 81.2 18.0 (17.1–19.0)
Parity
 1–4 4849 61.5 17.1 (16.1–18.2)
 5–9 2703 34.3 17.1 (15.8–18.6)
 10+ 330 4.2 15.8 (12.1–20.0)
Taking Deworming tablet
 No 7393 94.4 15.6 (14.8–16.4)
 Yes 435 5.6 39.8 (35.3–44.4)
Age of the mother
  < 20 years 402 5.1 8.2 (5.8–11.2)
 20–30 years 4598 58.3 17.4 (16.4–18.6)
 31–49 years 2883 36.6 17.7 (16.4–19.2)
Birth interval
  ≤ 2 years 1017 15.7 16.00 (13.9–18.4)
 2–3 years 2409 37.2 14.9 (13.5–16.3)
  ≥ 3 years 3048 47.1 18.8 (17.4–20.2)
Family size
 1–4 2267 28.8 18.4 (16.9–20.1)
 5–9 5138 65.2 16.7 (15.7–17.74)
 10+ 478 6.1 14.8 (11.9–18.3)
Mass media exposure
 Have no exposure 3157 40.1 12.8 (11.6–14.06)
 Have exposure 4708 59.9 20.0 (18.9–21.25)
Total 7883   17.08 (16.3–17.9)
  1. *Any professional/technical/managerial, clerical, sales and services, skilled manual, unskilled manual and agriculture classifications were classified as working