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Table 3 Univariable association between independent variables and antenatal, delivery and post-partum complications among study participants

From: Provider adherence to first antenatal care guidelines and risk of pregnancy complications in public sector facilities: a Ghanaian cohort study

Independent factor Antenatal complication RR (95% CI) p-value Delivery/postpartum complication RR (95% CI) p-value Any maternal complication RR (95% CI) p-value Neonatal complication RR (95% CI) p-value
Complete adherence 1.02 (0.70–.50) 0.90 0.73 (0.48–1.11) 0.14 0.64 (0.43–0.94) 0.03 0.73 (0.55–0.96) 0.03
Employment (Yes) 0.72 (0.4–1.10) 0.13 2.17 (1.17–4.01) 0.01 1.19 (0.63–2.95) 0.58 0.89 (0.60–1.32) 0.56
Age categories
 <20 years Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ  
 20–35years 1.20 (0.76–1.91) 0.44 0.60 (0.26–1.40) 0.24 0.42 (0.28–0.64) <0.01 0.60 (0.31–1.34) 0.12
 >35 years 0.74 (0.39–1.41) 0.36 1.72 (0.64–4.63) 0.29 1.04 (0.68–1.58) 0.85 0.37 (0.12–1.13) 0.08
Parity
 0 Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ  
 1–2 0.91 (0.71–1.71) 0.48 1.56 (0.51–4.73) 0.43    0.68 (0.48–0.95) 0.03
 3–4 1.49 (0.97–2.31) 0.07 2.80 (1.47–5.35) <0.01    0.68 (0.43–1.07) 0.10
 >4 0.72 (0.31–1.71) 0.46 1.11 (0.38–3.20) 0.85    0.59 (0.25–6.41) 0.24
Trimester of first ANC attendance
 First Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ   Ɨ  
 Second 1.10 (0.72–1.68) 0.65 0.87 (0.352.17) 0.77 0.82 (0.411.69) 0.57 0.86 (0.531.38) 0.53
Number of times ANC attended (> = 4) 0.73 (0.281.84) 0.50 0.46 (0.111.98) 0.30 0.63 (0.172.34) 0.49 1.01 (0.191.77) 0.33
Previous delivery complication (Yes) 1.11 (0.641.94) 0.71 1.13 (0.502.59) 0.76 1.11 (0.313.91) 0.88 1.24 (1.811.92) 0.32
Any antenatal complication NA   0.87 (0.541.37) 0.54 NA   1.55 (1.102.19) 0.01
Antenatal complication (non-anemia) NA   1.92 (1.093.38) 0.02 NA   2.67 (1.863.83) <0.01
  1. ANC denotes antenatal clinic, CI denotes confidence interval, NA denotes not applicable, RR denotes relative risk