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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants and association of these characteristics with levels of provider adherence to first antenatal care (ANC) guidelines

From: Provider adherence to first antenatal care guidelines and risk of pregnancy complications in public sector facilities: a Ghanaian cohort study

Variable Frequency (%) % Incomplete adherence % Complete adherence Cluster adjusted
N = 926 N = 477 N = 449 p-value
Total sample   51.5 48.5  
Facility type     <0.01
 Hospital 519 (56.0) 52.2 47.8
 Polyclinic 333 (36.0) 47.1 52.9
 Health center 74 (8.0) 65.8 34.2
Age category     0.01
 <20 years 52 (5.6) 73.1 26.9
 20–35 years 790 (85.5) 50.5 49.5
 > =35 years 82 (8.9) 47.6 52.4
Parity     0.01
 0 258 (27.9) 76.7 22.7
 1–2 475 (51.3) 40.8 59.2
 3–4 162 (17.5) 43.2 56.8
 >4 31 (3.3) 48.4 51.6
Education     0.87
 None 109 (11.8) 47.7 52.3
 Primary 179 (19.3) 47.5 52.5
 Secondary 423 (45.7) 51.8 48.2
 Tertiary 163 (17.7) 57.1 42.9
 Other 46 (5.0) 47.8 52.2
Trimester at first ANC     0.05
 First 282 (30.5) 57.8 42.2
 Second 631 (68.1) 48.0 52.0
Number of times ANC attended     <0.01
 1 44 (4.8) 79.5 20.5
 2–3 137 (14.8) 48.9 50.7
 > = 4 723 (78.1) 50.1 49.9
Marital status     0 01
 Single 100 (10.8) 64.0 20.5
 Married 672 (72.6) 48.5 51.5
 Formerly married 12 (1.3) 58.3 41.7
 Living together 122 (13.2) 54.9 45.1
Employment     0.01
 No 141 (15.2) 66.0 34.0
 Yes 777 (84.9) 48.8 51.2
Previous pregnancy history     0.04
 No complication 853 (92.1) 51.2 48.8
Mean age (SD) 28.15 (5.4) 27.25 (5.6) 29.11 (5.0) <0.01