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Table 7 Comparison of WDEQ subscale scores for nulliparous and multiparous women

From: Assessment of the dimensionality of the Wijma delivery expectancy/experience questionnaire using factor analysis and Rasch analysis

  Negative emotions Lack of positive emotions Social isolation Moment of birth
Parity
 Nulliparous (n = 606) M(SD) 2.19 (.93) 1.97 (.86) .58 (.80) .97 (.99)
 Multiparous (n = 798) M(SD) 1.58 (.90) 1.69 (.92) .46 (.72) .82 (.97)
 Independent t tests: t(df) 12.38 (1402) 5.94 (1346) 2.81 (1403) 2.86 (1403)
 p <.001 <.001 0.005 0.004
 Effect size (partial eta squared) 0.10 0.025 0.006 0.006