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Table 2 Prevalence of self-reported pregnancy-related problems in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimestersa of pregnancy, and the cumulative prevalenceb

From: Self-reported pregnancy-related health problems and self-rated health status in Rwandan women postpartum: a population-based cross-sectional study

Variable 1st trimester 2nd trimester 3rd trimester Cumulative prevalence
n % n % n % n %
Hypertension 28 3 14 1.4 17 1.8 45 4.9
Convulsions 18 2 3 0.3 5 0.5 22 2.4
Diabetes mellitus 11 1.2 10 1.1 3 0.3 20 2.2
Bad smelling and vaginal discharge 41 4.5 47 5.1 29 3.1 85 9.2
Anaemia 66 7.2 81 8.8 58 6.3 138 15.0
Severe vaginal bleeding    14 1.5 6 0.7 18 2.0
Severe or continuous headache    59 6.4 46 5.0 72 7.8
Dimness or blurring vision    99 10.9 62 6.7 119 12.9
Abdominal pain and severe bleeding    16 1.7 5 0.5 177 19.2
Vomiting    105 11.4 44 4.8 117 12.7
Fever    26 1.3 9 1.0 29 3.1
Leaking of fluid from vagina    54 5.9 61 6.6 82 8.9
Swollen extremities    55 6.0 135 14.7 157 17
Preterm premature rupture of membranes    4 0.4 12 1.3 16 1.7
Diarrhoea    18 2.0 7 0.8 25 2.7
Baby not moving normally    9 1.0 5 0.5 12 1.3
Abdominal pain    93 10.1 93 10.1 177 19.2
Regular and painful uterine contractions    14 1.5 18 2.0 29 3.1
Infection    12 1.3 11 1.2 19 2.1
Preterm labour      29 3.1 29 3.1
  1. aThe first trimester represents the first three months of pregnancy, the second trimester represents four to six months of pregnancy, and the third trimester was defined as seven months or more
  2. bThe third trimester does not include events or complications during delivery