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Table 1 Socio-demographic and reproductive history background characteristics of participants

From: Self-reported pregnancy-related health problems and self-rated health status in Rwandan women postpartum: a population-based cross-sectional study

Variables Mean age (years) SDa
Women’s mean age 27.89 6.02
Women’s mean number of years of education 5.80 3.10
Husband’s mean age 32.55 7.74
Husband’s mean number of years of education mean 6.14 3.16
  N %
Women’s age (years) 920 99.9
  < 25 295 32.0
 25–29 277 30.1
 30–34 212 23.0
 35–39 98 10.6
  ≥ 40 38 4.1
Marital status 920 99.9
 Single or unmarried 123 13.4
 Widow 13 1.4
 Separated or divorced 10 1.1
 Cohabiting 292 31.7
 Married 482 52.4
Age at marriage (years) 804 87.3
  < 20 339 36.8
 21–30 447 48.5
  > 30 18 2.0
Woman’s education 921 100
 No education 97 10.5
 Completed primary level 608 66.0
 Secondary school and vocational training 178 19.3
 Tertiary, university level 38 4.1
Woman’s occupation 920 99.9
 Student 17 1.9
 Non skilled worker 529 58.3
 Skilled worker 41 4.5
 Civil servant 61 6.7
 Not employed 257 28.3
 Other employment 3 0.3
Place of delivery 919 99.8
 At home or on the way to the health facility 47 5.1
 At public health facility 862 93.6
 At private or any other health facility 10 1.1
Mode of delivery 913 99.1
 Vaginal without instrumentsb 798 86.6
 Vaginal with forceps 4 0.4
 Vaginal with vacuum extraction 0 0
 Planned caesarean section 33 3.6
 Emergency caesarean section 78 8.5
Number of births 889 96.5
 1 273 30.7
 2 32 3.6
 3 221 24.9
 4 148 16.6
  > 4 215 24.2
Discharge time (days) 899 97.6
  < 3 474 52.7
 3 273 30.4
 4–7 119 13.2
  > 7 33 3.7
Health insurance 920 99.9
 No insurance 188 20.4
 Community health based insurance 686 74.5
 Public insurance (RAMA, MMI, MIS/UR)c and other private 47 5.1
ANC visits 915 99.3
 Yes 910 98.8
 No 5 0.5
Number of ANC visits 915 99.3
 1–3 497 54.3
  ≥ 4 418 45.7
Religion 919 99.8
 Catholicism 428 46.6
 Protestantism 334 36.3
 Adventist 77 8.4
 Islam 16 1.7
 Other religion 58 6.3
 No religion 6 0.7
Husband’s age group (years) 774 84.0
  < 25 78 8.5
 25–29 240 26.1
 30–34 195 21.1
 35–39 119 12.9
 40–44 86 9.3
  ≥ 45 56 6.1
Husband’s education 791 85.0
 No education 100 10.9
 Completed primary level 527 57.3
 Secondary school and vocational training 117 12.7
 Tertiary, university level 32 3.5
 Don’t know 15 1.6
Household income per month 914 99.2
  < 17,500 RwF 258 28.2
 17,500–35,000 RwF 240 26.3
  > 35,000 RwF 416 45.5
  1. aSD = Standard deviation
  2. bVaginal without instruments = normal delivery without forceps nor vacuum extraction
  3. cRAMA = La Rwandaise d’Assurance Maladie, MMI = Military Medical Insurance, MIS/UR = Medical Insurance of University of Rwanda