Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk of moderate asphyxia (defined as 5-min Apgar score < 4) and perinatal death (defined as fetuses with heart sound at admission, but no sign of vitality at birth, or as live birth, but with death before discharge from Hospital) for breech births, by mode of delivery, parity, birth weight, and referral, at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, 1999–2010 (N = 1,655)

From: Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania

   OR 95 % CI aOR 95 % CI
Mode of delivery
 CD Perinatal death 1   1  
 VD   3.55 2.13–5.92 6.18 3.04–12.6
 CD Apgar score < 45 1   1  
 VD   5.02 1.93–13.03 5.97 2.18–16.3
Parity
 Multipara Perinatal death 1   1  
 Primipara   0.99 0.65–1.50 1.25 0.68–2.30
 Multipara Apgar score < 45 1   1  
 Primipara   1.77 0.89–3.51 2.22 1.10–4.48
Birth weight
 2.5–3.6 kg Perinatal death 1   1  
 3.7–4.7 kg   1.05 0.55–2.00 1.78 0.74–4.28
 2.5–3.6 kg Apgar score <45 1   1  
 3.7–4.7 kg   0.24 0.03–1.79 0.38 0.05–2.82
Referral
 No Perinatal death 1   1  
 Yes   2.07 1.29–3.32 2.05 1.09–3.86
 No Apgar score < 45 1   1  
 Yes   1.72 0.77–3.84 2.24 0.96–2.82
Insurance
 Yes Perinatal death 1   1  
 No   9.25 1.27–67.5 3.99 0.52–30.41
Time period (delivery year)
 1999–2004 Perinatal death 1   1  
 2005–2006   2.11 1.19–3.75 1.49 0.61–3.67
 2007–2010   1.29 0.80–2.06 1.26 0.54–2.94
 1999–2004 Apgar score < 45 1   1  
 2005–2006   1.70 0.68–4.25 1.94 0.76–4.94
 2007–2010   0.61 0.24–1.50 0.87 0.33–2.31
  1. Crude odds ratios (ORs), adjusted odds ratios (aORs), and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) are shown. CD cesarean delivery, VD vaginal delivery